07 March 2009
Section 43 B states that certain expenses are deductible on payment basis. Professional Tax is not an expense and where the assesssee has neither claimed a deduction nor any charge was made to the profit & loss account, no disallowance could be made by taking course to the balance sheet of the assessee.
The deduction for payment of employees' contribution towards any welfare of such employees can be claimed by virtue of Section 36(1)(va) according to which it is deductible if such sum is credited by the assessee to employee's account in the relevant fund under any Act or rule or otherwise on or before the "due date". But Professional tax is not classified as a contribution towards the welfare fund for employees.
Please provide any judgement case for your supporting.
In continuation with the last reply, Section 2(24)(x) says "any sum payable under PF or ESI of superannuation fund or any fund for welfare of employees", PT deduction from employee salary and payable to state govt will not be utilized for welfare of employees as per my understanding and hence PT is not covered u/s 43B