04 June 2011
10% Capital Investment Subsidy received from Central Government on september,2011 aganist the investment made on plant & Machinery during the financial year 2004-05, but for the same no accounting has been provided in the books. kindly suggest the Accounting Treatment for the F.Y 2010-11.
05 June 2011
1st check on which date a reasonable certainty of getting subsidy is finalized. This date will be relevant date to book this as a subsidy, however AS 9 talks about reasonable certainty and not AS 10 so this may be debatable. However one base can be taken a reasonable certainty or receipt will be final date as per debates and from onwards depreciation to be recalculated and prior period effect entry to be passed.
"Two methods of presentation in financial statements of grants (or the appropriate portions of grants) related to specific fixed assets are regarded as acceptable alternatives.
8.3 Under one method, the grant is shown as a deduction from the gross value of the asset concerned in arriving at its book value. The grant is thus recognised in the profit and loss statement over the useful life of a depreciable asset by way of a reduced depreciation charge. Where the grant equals the whole, or virtually the whole, of the cost of the asset, the asset is shown in the balance sheet at a nominal value.
8.4 Under the other method, grants related to depreciable assets are treated as deferred income which is recognised in the profit and loss statement on a systematic and rational basis over the useful life of the asset. Such allocation to income is usually made over the periods and in the proportions in which depreciation on related assets is charged. Grants related to non-depreciable assets are credited to capital reserve under this method, as there is usually no charge to income in respect of such assets. However, if a grant related to a non-depreciable asset requires the fulfillment of certain obligations, the grant is credited to income over the same period over which the cost of meeting such obligations is charged to income.The deferred income is suitably disclosed in the balance sheet pending its apportionment to profit and loss account. For example, in the case of a company, it is shown after ‘Reserves and Surplus’ but before ‘Secured Loans’ with a suitable description, e.g., ‘Deferred government grants’. "