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20 June 2024 Can anybody suggest how to rectify the wrong rate of depreciation changed by mistake under the Companies Act in the previous year? To be more specific company follows the WDV method and they have changed the remaining useful life of assets from 3 years to 10 years now this year what impact will this have on the balance sheet and ITR

Please suggest which schedule of adjustment should be reported in the ITR

11 July 2024 If a company has mistakenly changed the rate of depreciation or the remaining useful life of assets under the Companies Act in the previous year, and now needs to rectify this, here’s how you can approach the situation:

### Impact on Financial Statements and ITR

1. **Impact on Balance Sheet**:
- **Asset Valuation**: Changing the remaining useful life from 3 years to 10 years will affect the depreciation calculation. As a result, the carrying value (net book value) of the assets will be adjusted in the balance sheet.
- **Accumulated Depreciation**: The accumulated depreciation will be recalculated based on the corrected depreciation rates over the revised useful life.

2. **Impact on Income Tax Return (ITR)**:
- The corrected depreciation rates and remaining useful life will impact the calculation of depreciation expense in the current and subsequent years.
- For the ITR filing, adjustments related to depreciation should be reported in the relevant schedules of the tax return. In India, these adjustments are typically reported in Schedule D (Computation of Depreciation) or Schedule BP (Computation of Income from Business or Profession), depending on the nature of the assets and the business.

### Steps to Rectify:

1. **Review and Calculation**:
- Engage with a qualified accountant or tax advisor to review the impact of the incorrect depreciation rates.
- Recalculate the depreciation for the previous year(s) using the correct rates and remaining useful life.

2. **Adjust Financial Statements**:
- Amend the financial statements of the previous year(s) to reflect the correct depreciation expense and accumulated depreciation.
- Adjust the carrying amount of assets and accumulated depreciation in the balance sheet for the comparative periods.

3. **Prepare Revised Financial Statements**:
- Prepare revised financial statements showing the correct depreciation expense, accumulated depreciation, and carrying values of assets.
- Ensure that these revised financial statements comply with the Companies Act and applicable accounting standards.

4. **ITR Reporting**:
- Report the adjustments related to depreciation in the ITR for the current year and any necessary amendments for previous years.
- Use the correct depreciation rates and remaining useful life in Schedule D or Schedule BP of the ITR.

5. **Documentation**:
- Maintain documentation supporting the correction, including calculations, revised financial statements, and correspondence with auditors or tax advisors.

### Conclusion:

Rectifying the wrong rate of depreciation involves correcting the financial statements of the previous year(s) and reporting adjustments in the current year's ITR. It’s crucial to ensure compliance with accounting standards and tax regulations while making these adjustments. Consulting with a professional accountant or tax advisor will help navigate the process smoothly and ensure accurate reporting.

If you have specific queries or need further clarification on the process, it's advisable to seek professional assistance tailored to your company's circumstances and local regulatory requirements.

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