(A) Eligibility for the Scheme
Following Persons are eligible for the Scheme.
1) A registered person who is required to furnish a return in FORM GSTR-3B. AND
2) Who has an aggregate turnover of up to 5 crore rupees in the preceding financial year.
However in case, the aggregate turnover exceeds 5 crore rupees during any quarter in the current financial year, the registered person shall not be eligible for the Scheme from the next quarter.
(B) Exercising option for QRMP Scheme
In order to exercise this option, the registered person must have furnished the last return, as due on the date of exercising such an option.
Register Persons can opt in or opt out of the scheme as follows:-
Q1 (April - May - June):- 1st February to 30th April.
Q2 (July - August - September):- 1st May to 31st July.
Q3 (October - November - December):- 1st August to 31st October.
Q4 (January - February - March):- 1st November to 31st January.
Registered persons are not required to exercise the option every quarter. Where such option has been exercised once, they shall continue to furnish the return as per the selected option for future tax periods, unless they revise the said option.
All persons who have obtained registration during any quarter or the registered persons opting out from paying tax under Section 10 of the CGST Act during any quarter shall be able to opt for the Scheme for the quarter for which the opting facility is available on the date of exercising the option.
It is further clarified that the option to avail the QRMP Scheme is GSTIN wise and therefore, distinct persons as defined in Section 25 of the CGST Act (different GSTINs on the same PAN) have the option to avail the QRMP Scheme for one or more GSTINs. In other words, some GSTINs for that PAN can opt for the QRMP Scheme and remaining GSTINs may not opt for the Scheme.
(C) Furnishing of details of outward supplies under section 37 (Furnishing details of outward supplies) of the CGST Act
The registered persons opting for the Scheme would be required to furnish the details of an outward supply in FORM GSTR-1 quarterly as per the rule 59 (Form and manner of furnishing details of outward supplies) of the CGST Rule.
For each of the first and second months of a quarter, such a registered person will have the facility (Invoice Furnishing Facility- IFF) to furnish the details of such outward supplies to a registered person, as he may consider necessary, between the 1st day of the succeeding month till the 13th day of the succeeding month. The said details of outward supplies shall, however, not exceed the value of fifty lakh rupees in each month. It may be noted that after 13th of the month, this facility for furnishing IFF for a previous month would not be available. As a facilitation measure, continuous upload of invoices would also be provided for the registered persons wherein they can save the invoices in IFF from the 1st day of the month till 13th day of the succeeding month. The facility of furnishing details of invoices in IFF has been provided so as to allow details of such supplies to be duly reflected in the FORM GSTR-2A and FORM GSTR-2B of the concerned recipient.
For example, a registered person who has availed the Scheme wants to declare two invoices out of the total ten invoices issued in the first month of quarter since the recipient of supplies covered by those two invoices desires to avail ITC in that month itself. Details of these two invoices may be furnished using IFF. The details of the remaining 8 invoices shall be furnished in FORM GSTR-1 of the said quarter. The two invoices furnished in IFF shall be reflected in FORM GSTR-2B of the concerned recipient of the first month of the quarter and remaining eight invoices furnished in FORM GSTR-1 shall be reflected in FORM GSTR-2B of the concerned recipient of the last month of the quarter. The said facility would, however, be available, say for the month of July, from 1st August till 13th August. Similarly, for the month of August, the said facility will be available from 1st September till 13th September.
However the said facility is not mandatory and is only an optional facility made available to the registered persons under the QRMP Scheme.
The details of invoices furnished using the said facility in the first two months are not required to be furnished again in FORM GSTR-1. Accordingly, the details of outward supplies made by such a registered person during a quarter shall consist of details of invoices furnished using IFF for each of the first two months and the details of invoices furnished in FORM GSTR-1 for the quarter. At his option, a registered person may choose to furnish the details of outward supplies made during a quarter in FORM GSTR-1 only, without using the IFF.
(D) Monthly Payment of Tax
The registered person under the QRMP Scheme would be required to pay the tax due in each of the first two months of the quarter by depositing the due amount in FORM GST PMT-06, by the twenty fifth day of the month succeeding such month. While generating the challan, taxpayers should select “Monthly payment for the quarterly taxpayer” as a reason for generating the challan.
The Registered person has two options for the monthly payment of tax under the QRMP Scheme:-
1) Fixed Sum Method
In case the last return filed was on quarterly basis:-35% of cash liability paid in the FORM GSTR-3B for the last quarter.
In case the last return filed was monthly basis:-100% of the cash liability paid in the FORM GSTR-3B for the last month.
Monthly tax payment through this method would not be available to those registered persons who have not furnished the return for a complete tax period preceding such month. A complete tax period means a tax period in which the person is registered from the first day of the tax period till the last day of the tax period.
2) Self-Assessment Method
The said persons, in any case, can pay the tax due by considering the tax liability on inward and outward supplies and the input tax credit available, in FORM GST PMT-06. In order to facilitate ascertainment of the ITC available for the month, an auto-drafted input tax credit statement has been made available in FORM GSTR-2B, for every month.
It is clarified that in case the balance in the electronic cash ledger and/or electronic credit ledger is adequate for the tax due for the first month of the quarter or where there is nil tax liability, the registered person may not deposit any amount for the said month. Similarly, for the second month of the quarter, in case the balance in the electronic cash ledger and/or electronic credit ledger is adequate for the cumulative tax due for the first and the second month of the quarter or where there is nil tax liability, the registered person may not deposit any amount.
Any claim of refund in respect of the amount deposited for the first two months of a quarter for payment of tax shall be permitted only after the return in FORM GSTR-3B for the said quarter has been furnished. Further, this deposit cannot be used by the taxpayer for any other purpose till the filing of return for the quarter.
(E) Quarterly filing of FORM GSTR-3B
Such registered persons would be required to furnish FORM GSTR-3B, for each quarter, on or before 22nd or 24th day of the month succeeding such quarter.
Any amount left after the filing of that quarter’s FORM GSTR-3B may either be claimed as refund or may be used for any other purpose in subsequent quarters.
In case of cancellation of registration of such person during any of the first two months of the quarter, he is still required to furnish the return in FORM GSTR-3B for the relevant tax period.
(F) Applicability of Interest
1) For a registered person making payment of tax by opting Fixed Sum Method
No interest would be payable in case the tax due is paid in the first two months of the quarter by the due date (i.e. 25th of next month)
In other words, if while furnishing return in FORM GSTR-3B, it is found that in any or both of the first two months of the quarter, the tax liability net of available credit on the supplies made /received was higher than the amount paid in the challan, then, no interest would be charged provided they deposit system calculated amount for each of the first two months and discharge their entire liability for the quarter in the FORM GSTR-3B of the quarter by the due date.
In case such payment of tax by depositing the system calculated amount in FORM GST PMT-06 is not done by the due date, interest would be payable at the applicable rate, from the due date of furnishing FORM GST PMT-06 till the date of making such payment.
Further, in case of FORM GSTR-3B for the quarter is furnished beyond the due date, interest would be payable as per the provisions of Section 50 of the CGST Act for the tax liability net of ITC.
2) For a registered person making payment of tax by opting Self-Assessment Method
Interest amount would be payable as per the provision of Section 50 of the CGST Act for tax or any part thereof (net of ITC) which remains unpaid / paid beyond the due date for the first two months of the quarter.
(G) Applicability of Late Fee
Late fee is applicable for delay in furnishing of return/details of outward supply as per the provision of Section 47 (Levy of late fee) of the CGST Act.
It is clarified that no late fee is applicable for delay in payment of tax in the first two months of the quarter.