When Shares are issued at a value more than the Face Value, then it is called Issue of Shares at a Premium
Over a period of time, the company has established its Goodwill, Reputation, Brands etc.
Issue of Equity Shares at Premium attracts Section 56(2)(viib) of the Income Tax Act unless it’s a Start-up registered under DPIIT.
As per Section 56(2)(viib) of Income Tax Act – if Company issues shares at a premium or consideration in excess of the FMV (Fair Market Value) then such Excess is treated as the Income of the Company and liable to taxed under the Head ‘Income from Other Sources'. E.g. if Face Value of a Share is Rs. 100, FMV is Rs. 110 and Shares are issued at Rs. 120 then this excess of Rs. 10 (Issue Price of 120 - FMV of Rs. 110) would be liable to tax.
Only Merchant Banker is authorized to determine the FMV of such Equity shares.
The above provisions on valuation of shares would not apply in case consideration for issue of shares is received
By a Venture Capital Undertaking (VCU) from a Venture Capital Fund (VCF) or Venture Capital Company (VCC) or by a company from a class or classes of persons as notified by the Central Government for this purpose
This would mean that in above two cases, the Company can issue equity shares at a price which is higher than FMV and excess consideration received will not be regarded as income of the company.
Tags :income tax