Generally we know that MRP means Maximum Retail Price which includes all taxes. It means no taxes can be charged on MRP. But recently TRAI releases MRP of Cable TV channels and Distributors are charging 18% GST on MRP of Cable TV channels.
Consumers are confused to see that GST @18% is charging on MRP of TV channels. Whether it is Right or Wrong ? Let's discuss about that.
What is MRP?
MRP means Maximum Retail Price that can be charged from the consumers by the seller in India.
Seller may give discount on MRP, it means he can sell the product in lower price than MRP of that product. But he can not claim higher price than MRP.
All kinds of Taxes like GST, exise etc. and all kinds of expenses like transport cost, delivery cost, packing cost etc. are included in MRP.
Is there any law on MRP?
According to Consumer Goods (Mandatory Printing of cost of production and Maximum Retail Price) Bill, 2006, consumers can not be charged more than MRP printed on the packing of the product.
Consumer may file a complaint if any product is sold at more than the Maximum Retail Price printed on the product.
GST Official Twitter handle (@askGST_GoI) replies some queries about GST on MRP, click links given below
What is TRAI's new system for cable TV channels ?
According to TRAI's new rule, consumers have freedom to choose cable TV channels they want to watch and they have to pay to the service provide the price specified by TRAI.
The payment to Service Provider has two components such as,
Network Capacity Fee (NCF) : It is as like rental charge for your cable TV channel connection. NCF is Rs. 130/- per month for 100 SD (Standard Definition) channels. If you choose more than 100 channels, then you must pay additional Rs. 20 per 25 channels.
*Note: Rs. 130/month NCF doesn't include only FTA (Free To Air) channels, it includes FTA channels or Pay channels or Combination of FTA and Pay channels.Taking FTA channels is the choice of subscriber but not mandatory except the mandatory channels of MIB (Ministry of Information and Broadcasting) i.e. 26 DD (Doordarshan) channels.
Capacity of HD channel is treated as 2 SD channels to determine NCF.
Price of pay channels : You can choose any pay channel or bouquet(s) of pay channels (value packs) as per your choice. TRAI releases MRP of pay channels offered by broadcasters to subscribers.
But the discussion is not over. You have to pay GST @ 18% on total amount, even upon the MRP of Pay channels. Now this is the most confusing matter that why you have to pay GST on MRP ? Let's read.
What is MRP for Channel ?
According to TRAI,
" ‘Maximum retail price’ or ‘MRP’ for the purpose of these regulations, means the maximum price, excluding taxes, payable by a subscriber for a-la-carte pay channel or bouquet of pay channels, as the case may be. MRP declared by the broadcasters will be uniform for every distribution platforms."
It means here MRP is excluding all taxes
What are a-la-carte pay channels ?
a la carte is a French word which means 'according to the menu'. You can see this term in TRAI's new system for cable TV channels. Here a-la-carte pay channel means you can choose pay channels only which you want to watch.
Will there be any discount on a-la-carte i.e. Pay channels ?
According to TRAI,
"The Broadcaster is akin to a manufacturer producing a product and Distributor of TV channel is like a retailer who sells a product to the consumers. The price of the product is decided by the manufacturer and the retailer cannot sell the product over the MRP. The broadcasters are, therefore, required to declare the MRP of their channel. The Distributors, however, can sell the channel by declaring DRP below MRP."
It means distributors can sell channel below MRP (excluding all taxes).
How Distributors charges for cable TV channels as per TRAI's new regulation ?
Suppose you choose 80 FTA channels and 2 pay channels which costs MRP 10/- each, then your bill is as follows,
Channel Name Channel Count Price
FTA Channels 80 0
Pay channel 1 10/-
Pay channel 1 10/-
Total channel count 82 Sub total 20/-
Network Capacity Fees 130/-
GST @18% 27/-
Total Package Price 177/-
Distributors charges GST on MRP of Pay channels. Is it right ?
We all know that MRP means Maximum Retail Price including all taxes. No taxes can be charged upon MRP.
But according to TRAI's regulation MRP means Maximum Retail Price excluding all taxes. TRAI also says that distributor may give discount on MRP and publish DRP (Distributor Retail Price) but GST will be charged on MRP or DRP.
In this case, I think the term MRP is not appropriate for pricing of pay channels by TRAI because it creates confusion in people's mind. If taxes are excluded then this would be called Retail Price or they may use other term, not Maximum Retail Price. I also think that TRAI must justify the matter that why they use the term MRP excluding taxes , otherwise people will be confused.