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Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill 2023 introduced in the Lok Sabha

Last updated: 14 December 2023


Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman Unveils Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill, 2023, for Swift Implementation of Customs and Excise Duty Changes

In a strategic move to facilitate the expeditious implementation of changes in customs and excise duties, the Hon'ble Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman, introduced the Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill, 2023, in the Lok Sabha on December 13, 2023. This legislation aims to provide immediate effect for a limited period to provisions in Bills related to the imposition or augmentation of customs or excise duties, with or without alterations in tariff classification.

Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill 2023 introduced in the Lok Sabha

Purpose and Scope

The Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill, 2023, is a legislative initiative designed to address the need for prompt enforcement of customs and excise duty changes. The bill grants the government the authority to collect taxes provisionally for a defined period, ensuring that the proposed amendments take effect without delay.

Key Features of the Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill, 2023

  • Immediate Implementation: The bill empowers the government to enforce changes in customs and excise duties immediately, even before the formal approval of the related bills. This provision is crucial for swiftly adapting to evolving economic conditions or addressing urgent fiscal requirements.
  • Limited Duration: The provisional collection of taxes is not open-ended. The bill specifies a limited period during which the provisional measures will be in effect. This temporal constraint ensures that the government seeks permanent approval for the proposed changes within a reasonable timeframe.
  • Flexibility in Tariff Classification: The legislation provides flexibility by allowing modifications in tariff classifications along with changes in duty rates. This adaptability is essential for responding to dynamic trade scenarios and economic challenges.

Context and Rationale

The introduction of the Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill, 2023, comes in response to the recognition that certain fiscal measures need swift implementation to address emerging economic situations or to align with the government's policy objectives. This mechanism ensures that the government can respond promptly to changes in the economic landscape without compromising the integrity of the legislative process.

Expected Impact on Trade and Industry

  • Business Planning and Compliance: The provisional collection of taxes allows businesses to anticipate and adapt to changes in customs and excise duties more effectively. This, in turn, aids in better business planning and compliance with the altered fiscal landscape.
  • Economic Agility: The ability to swiftly implement duty changes enhances the government's capacity to respond to economic challenges promptly. It provides a tool for agile fiscal management in a rapidly changing global economic environment.

Legislative Process Ahead

The Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill, 2023, will now undergo a comprehensive parliamentary review and debate. Stakeholders, including industry representatives, economists, and legal experts, will closely monitor the proceedings to understand the implications of the proposed legislation on the broader economic landscape.

In conclusion, the introduction of the Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill, 2023, underscores the government's commitment to ensuring the adaptability of fiscal policies in response to changing economic conditions. The bill is poised to play a pivotal role in facilitating immediate and effective implementation of customs and excise duty changes for a defined period, striking a balance between agility and legislative scrutiny.

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