Income Tax Practices: Common Mistakes and Solutions

Abhishek Raja , 26 September 2023  


Income tax practices in India can be complex, and misconceptions and mistakes can often lead to financial and legal challenges for both taxpayers and professionals. In this article, we will address some important issues that are commonly misunderstood or overlooked in income tax matters. Understanding these issues can benefit all stakeholders in India’s income tax law.

Section 44AD: Key Considerations

Section 44AD is a beneficial provision that aims to provide relief to small businessmen from the burden of maintaining books of accounts under Section 44AA and undergoing tax audits under Section 44AB. However, there are certain considerations to keep in mind when opting for this section:

  1. Minimum 8% Profit Requirement: To avail the benefits of Section 44AD, taxpayers need to show a minimum profit of 8% in their income tax return. If the profit is shown below 8%, the taxpayer will be required to maintain books of accounts and undergo a tax audit.
  2. Conditions for Partnership Firms: In the case of partnership firms, there are certain conditional requirements that must be met to avail the benefits of Section 44AD. Taxpayers should carefully review these conditions to ensure compliance.
  3. Maintenance of Relevant Documents: While Section 44AD exempts taxpayers from maintaining detailed books of accounts, it does not mean that no documents need to be maintained. Taxpayers are still required to maintain a purchase and sales register, details of purchasers and sellers, bills/vouchers, and bank statements if their income tax return is subjected to scrutiny under Section 143(3) or Section 147 proceedings.
Income Tax Practices: Common Mistakes and Solutions

Section 40(a)(ia): TDS Obligations

Section 40(a)(ia) imposes stringent obligations on taxpayers to deduct tax at source from various income sources as per the TDS provisions under Section 194 and Section 195. It is essential to be cautious about TDS obligations, as any default can lead to a 100% addition of non-TDS credit.

  1. Wide Range of Applicability: The obligation to deduct tax at source is not limited to business activities. It also applies to other spheres such as house rent, salary, windfall gains, cash prizes, etc. The government uses this section to monitor tax compliance effectively.
  2. Importance of Compliance: To ensure compliance with TDS obligations, taxpayers should be diligent in making and receiving payments. Carelessness in this regard can lead to significant consequences, including penalties and legal issues.

Section 10(38): Long Term Capital Gains

Section 10(38) has been a controversial section due to its misuse by money launderers as a means to convert unaccounted black money into white by claiming 100% exemption from long-term capital gains. However, the government has taken steps to address this issue by limiting the exemption to Rs 1,00,000. Taxpayers should be cautious when engaging in tax planning strategies, as the amendment has changed the entire landscape of tax planning related to capital gains.

Cash Deposits Exceeding Rs. 10 Lakhs

After the implementation of the Annual Information Return (AIR) system in 2009, cases of cash deposits exceeding Rs. 10 lakhs have come under scrutiny by the income tax department. The main objective of this provision is to verify the source of cash deposits that exceed a certain threshold. To avoid any complications, taxpayers should maintain proper accounts and documents to explain the sources of such cash deposits in case of scrutiny, reopening proceedings, or Section 133(6) proceedings.

Section 269ST: Curbing Cash Transactions

Section 269ST is an extension of the previously existing Sections 269SS and 269T, which aim to curb cash transactions. This section applies to all classes of taxpayers and prohibits giving a person Rs. 2 lakhs or more in a single or composite transaction in a day. Taxpayers should be aware of this provision and ensure compliance to avoid any penalties or legal consequences.

Section 80G: Deductions for Donations

Section 80G is one of the most important sections that allows taxpayers to claim attractive tax deductions of up to 50% or 100% depending on the case. In the past, the process of claiming deductions under Section 80G was relatively simple and paper-based. However, the entire process has now been digitized, requiring donors to make payments through the e-filing portal and obtain online receipts for claiming deductions. This step has brought more transparency to the donation process, which has been the subject of various controversies and litigation.

Here are some of the most common income tax practices mistakes and their solutions:


Mistake 1: Not filing a return on time

Solution: The deadline for filing income tax returns is July 31st of the assessment year. If you fail to file your return by the deadline, you will be liable to pay a penalty. You can avoid this penalty by filing your return on time.

Mistake 2: Not disclosing all sources of income

Solution: It is important to disclose all sources of income in your tax return, including income from salary, business, investments, and other sources. If you fail to disclose any income, you may be liable to pay taxes and penalties on that income.

Mistake 3: Not claiming all eligible deductions and exemptions

Solution: There are a number of deductions and exemptions that you may be eligible for, such as deductions for medical expenses, education expenses, and charitable contributions. Be sure to claim all eligible deductions and exemptions to reduce your tax liability.

Mistake 4: Making errors in your tax return

Solution: It is important to carefully review your tax return before filing it to ensure that there are no errors. Even a small error can lead to penalties and interest charges. You can avoid errors by using a tax preparation software or by hiring a tax professional to prepare your return.

Mistake 5: Not paying your taxes on time

Solution: Once you have filed your tax return, you must pay any taxes that you owe by the due date. If you fail to pay your taxes on time, you will be liable to pay interest and penalties.



Income tax practices in India require a thorough understanding of the law and its nuances to avoid common mistakes and misconceptions. Staying informed about sections such as 44AD, 40(a)(ia), 10(38), 269ST, and 80G is crucial for both taxpayers and tax professionals. Adhering to tax regulations and adapting to changes in tax laws can help individuals and businesses navigate the complex landscape of income taxation in India. It is advisable to consult with tax experts for personalized guidance and compliance.

Note: The above article is a product of extensive research and analysis. However, it is essential to consult with a qualified tax professional for personalized advice and compliance with the latest tax regulations.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal or financial advice. Please consult with a qualified tax professional for specific advice tailored to your individual circumstances

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