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Dear Professional Colleague,

We are sharing with you the recent judicial pronouncement of the Hon’ble Bangalore CESTAT in the case of Apotex Research Pvt. Ltd. & Others Vs. CC, Bangalore-Cus & Others [2014-TIOL-1836-CESTAT-Bang] wherein 56 Appeals were heard together and the Bangalore Bench of the CESTAT passed an interim order on 16 Common/ Legal Issues pertaining to refund of Cenvat credit under Rule 5 of the Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004 (“the Credit Rules”) for exporters, as mentioned hereunder: 

Sl.  No.




Whether Refund under Rule 5 of the Credit Rules would be admissible when there was no notification issued prescribing safeguards, conditions and limitations to be fulfilled?

Wherever the refund has been rejected on the ground of words used in the notification, it will have to be remanded to the original adjudicating authority for reconsideration of the eligibility of credit.


In the case of refund under Rule 5 of the Credit Rules, place of removal which has been a subject matter of dispute in several cases.

Place of removal shall be taken as port/airport/land customs station and all the services utilized up to the stage would become eligible for refund under Rule 5.


Whether Cenvat credit can be refunded under Rule 5 when there was no Notification prior to 14.03.2006?

Yes, the Cenvat credit can be refunded even when there was no Notification prior to 14.3.2006.


Stand taken by the Revenue that in respect of 100% EOUs, the Cenvat credit cannot be taken at all since the finished goods are exempt tenable

Post 10.09.2004, Cenvat credit cannot be denied on the ground that unit availing the credit is a 100% EOU. And so refund has to be given.


The activity of provision of service is in India and therefore the claim for refund on the ground that service has been exported cannot be accepted

The Central Board of Excise & Customs (“the CBEC”) has issued a clarification vide Circular No. 111/5/2009-ST dated 24.02.2009. In this Circular, in paragraph-3,  the CBEC has accepted that for category (iii) services (As per Export of Services Rules, 2005), it is possible that export of service may take place even when all the relevant activities take place in India so long as benefits of these services accrue outside India.


Nexus between the input services and the output services

It is nobody's case that there is no need to establish the relation between the input services and the business of manufacture.


Foreign Inward Remittance Certificate

In certain cases, the lower authorities have taken a view that production of foreign inward remittance certificate by the claimant to claim refund is not sufficient. A certificate from the bank certifying that the amount in the invoice has been received specifically with reference to the invoice has to be made available. What is required to be established by an exporter is that in respect of Invoices raised by him, consideration in foreign currency has been received.


Can clearance to a 100% EOU be considered as export?

Yes, clearance to a 100% EOU has to be considered as export.


Proof of payment of service tax

Proof of payment of service tax is not required to be asked for from the claimant while determination of refund claims.


Defective documents

Rejection of the claim for refund of Cenvat credit on the ground that it is not admissible when the unit was not registered cannot be upheld.


Condonation of omissions in documents as per the provisions of Rule 9 of the Credit Rules

Rule 9(2) of the Credit Rules provides that if the document does not contain all the particulars but contains details of duty or service tax payable, description of goods, etc. Cenvat credit may be allowed.


Rejection of refund claim on the ground that output service is not taxable

Decisions in cases where credit has been denied or refund has been denied on the ground that export is not made under Bond or Letter of Undertaking cannot be sustained.


Cenvat credit without registration

Provisions of Rule 3 of the Credit Rules show that credit can be taken by a manufacturer or a provider of output service and there is no requirement of registration under Rule 3 of the Credit Rules at all.


Taxability of output and admissibility of Cenvat credit

The admissibility of Cenvat credit is not relevant for the purpose of determining whether refund is admissible under Rule 5 of the Credit Rules or not.


Relevant date for filing refund claim

Provisions of Section 11B of the Central Excise Act, 1944 for the purpose of limitation would be applicable.


Method for calculation of relevant date

The relevant date should be the date on which the consideration has been received where the claimant is service provider and consideration paid where the claimant is service receiver.

Based on these judgments, inpidual cases will be considered as part heard regarding major issues concerning refund of Cenvat credit to exporters.

To view the full judgment, please click on the below link:

Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavours. In case of any query/ information, please do not hesitate to write back to us.

Thanks & Best Regards.

Bimal Jain

FCA, FCS, LLB, B.Com (Hons)

Flat No. 34B, Ground Floor, Pocket - 1,

Mayur Vihar, Phase - I,

Delhi – 110091, India



Disclaimer: The contents of this document are solely for informational purpose. It does not constitute professional advice or recommendation of firm. Neither the authors nor firm and its affiliates accepts any liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any information in this document nor for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Readers are advised to consult the professional for understanding applicability of this newsletter in the respective scenarios. While due care has been taken in preparing this document, the existence of mistakes and omissions herein is not ruled out. No part of this document should be distributed or copied (except for personal, non-commercial use) without our written permission.


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