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With effect from 01.01.2021, section 16(4) of the CGST Act, 2017 was amended vide the Finance Act, 2020, so as to delink the date of issuance of debit note from the date of issuance of the underlying invoice for purposes of availing input tax credit.

The amendment made is shown as: "A registered person shall not be entitled to take input tax credit in respect of any invoice or debit note for supply of goods or services or both after the due date of furnishing of the return under section 39 for the month of September following the end of financial year to which such invoice or invoice relating to such debit note pertains or furnishing of the relevant annual return, whichever is earlier." As can be seen, the words "invoice relating to such" were omitted w.e.f. 01.01.2021.

Therefore, Debit Notes (hereafter as "DN") issued prior to 01.01.2021 will be linked to the invoice for considering the last date of availing ITC, whereas same would not be linked to the debit notes issued after 01.01.2021

Benefits of Debit Notes delinked from Sale Invoices under GST

Therefore, even if invoice is issued in 2020-21 but if debit note is raised in Apr-21 then the credit for the same could be availed until Sep-22. One should take the note of the same and clam the credit accordingly.

It is important to understand that the section 34 of CGST which provides time limits for issue of Credit notes (hereafter as "CN") and but it does not provide any time limit for DN Further to this section 16(4) provides the time limit for a claim of ITC for such DN is not linked to the Invoice for such supply and same shall be construed as a "supplementary invoice". Therefore DN can be issued at any time  and the ITC thereof would be linked to such debit notes and not invoices for such supply.

The time limits for CN is restricted to return of September following the end of the FY in which such supply is made or date of furnishing the relevant annual return, which ever is earlier.

Inv Date

DN Date

Last date to claim ITC





Sep following the end of FY to which such invoice pertains




Sep following the end of FY to which such DN pertains




Sep following the end of FY to which such DN pertains


Important Disclaimer


Any views expressed in this communication are those of the Author. Review carefully the material and perform such due diligence as you deem fit, including consulting your own independent legal, tax, accountancy and other professional or specialist advisors, as necessary or appropriate. This material is for your general information only and we are not soliciting any action based upon it. This material should not form the primary basis for any decision that you make in relation to matters referred to herein. Opinions expressed are current opinions only as of the date indicated. Author does not accept any responsibility to update any opinions or other information contained in this material.


Published by

CA. Heet Shah
(Tax Consultant & Practitioner)
Category GST   Report

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