Ensure that All Expenses which need to be capitalized are capitalized;
Company is maintaining proper Records of Fixed Assets;
Deprecation , Profit/Loss on Fixed Assets Correctly Calculated;
Compliance of Accounting Standards;
Compliance of Revised Schedule VI;
Steps to achieve the Objectives:-
Step 1: understand the client procedure of Fixed Assets acquisition and disposal
This is first and very important aspect. In this step, we ask client for Policy and SOPs regarding Fixed Assets. Form this we obtain the general understanding of Client Working Pattern on Fixed Assets and we came to know who is responsible for what. On the basis of same we can plan our audit program on Fixed Assets.
Step 2: Obtain Fixed Assets Register as maintained by the Client
In CARO we have to comment on whether the proper records of Fixed Assets is maintained by the client. To ensure this we have to obtain Fixed Assets Register maintained by the Client. Further we have ensure that the Fixed Assets Register contained following things:-
a. Year of acquisition;
b. Sufficient description of the assets to make identification possible;
c. Classification, that is, the head under which it is shown in accounts e.g., Land, Building, Plant & Machinery etc;
e. Quantity, i.e. no. of units;
f. Original Cost;
g. Adjustment for revaluation or for increase or decrease in cost consequent on revolution of Foreign Currency Liabilities if any;
h. Depreciation Written off to date;
i. Written down value;
j. Rate of depreciation and particulars regarding amortization and impairment;
k. Particulars regarding sale, discarding, demolition, destruction etc;
l. Particulars of Fixed Assets that have been retired from active use and held for disposal;
m. Whether Fixed Assets Register as per Register/Records agree with General Ledger balance. If not, note the disagreement in respect of each class of assets e.g.
ii. Land leasehold
v. Plant & Machinery
vii. Furniture & Fixtures
viii. Office Equipments etc.
Step 3: Vouching of Additions to Fixed Assets
a. Decision on Sample
On the basis of Total Addition, Period and Assessment of Risk decide the % of Addition to be check from total addition made during the period under review.
b. Checking of Bills
Ensure that all fixed assets additions are route through proper channel as mention in FA policy and SOPs.
Ensure that Cost which form part of installation or commission of fixed assets along with any charges incurred to bring the fixed assets to their present location and condition are capitalized.
If company takes credit on duty paid on fixed assets, ensure that such duty should not be forming part of cost.
Ensure expenditure prior to date of ready to use had been capitalized and expenditure incurred thereafter is booked as revenue expenditure.
c. Assets on Lease
Obtain list of fixed assets taken/given on lease during the year.
Ensure compliance of AS 19 with respect to assets given/taken on Lease.
Ensure that proper classification of Assets taken/given on lease as per Revised Schedule VI.
d. Imported Assets
Ensure that all duties on which credit not available should be form part of cost.
Freight and insurance expenses should be capitalized.
Ensure that treatment of Exchange Fluctuation should be as per AS-11
e. Other aspects for checking
Securitize all fixed assets/ repair & maintenance accounts to ensure that no items of revenue have been capitalized and visa versa.
Ensure that eligible borrowing cost upto of assets becomes ready to use has been capitalized.
Ensure that in case of composite acquisition of assets- the price should be bifurcated into assets supported by proper documents.
In case of Self capitalization case ensure that overheads are allocated on reasonable basis.
Ensure that replacement of assets is to be capitalized only when erstwhile assets is removed.
Step 4: Vouching of Deletion from Fixed Assets
a. CARO – Whether Disposal affect the Going Concern
Determine that substantial part of fixed asset is not disposed off. If substantial part is disposed off, determine that such disposal does not affect the Going Concern Status of the company. If its affect the Going Concern Status of Company then ensure that same should be reported in Audit Report.
b. Decision on Sample
On the basis of Total deletion, Period and Assessment of Risk decide the % of deletion to be check from total deletion form fixed assets during the period under review.
c. Checking of Sales bills of Disposal
Ensure that all fixed assets deletions are route through proper channel as mention in FA policy and SOPs.
Ensure that profit/loss on disposal is correctly calculated and disclosed
Ensure that cost, deprecation are eliminated from fixed assets for items which were scrapped and have no residual value.
Step 5: Depreciation and Amortization
Obtained total number of shift worked during the period under review from plant head.
Ensure that depreciation/Amortization is calculated as per Accounting Policy, No. of Shift Working and Schedule XIV, AS-26.
Depreciation on assets purchased during the year should be charge on pro-rata basis.
Lease premium should be amortized over the lease term.
Step 6: Revaluation
Identify the basis of revaluation.
Fact of revaluation should be disclosed for subsequent five years.
Quantum of Revaluation should be disclosed.
Depreciation on revalued amount should be transfer to Revaluation Reserve.
If the revalued assets sold, the remaining balance of Revaluation Reserve should be transfer to Revenue Account.
Step 7: Other
Ensure that immovable properties held as investments and as stock in trade have been shown accordingly in the accounts.
Ensure that Inter-unit Sales/Purchases are eliminated from Fixed Assets Register and Summary of Inter-unit Sales/Purchase should be available separately.
Treatment of Grant received towards cost of assets should be as per AS-12.
Obtained Physical verification Report and ensure that it should be carried out at regular intervals.
Impairment should be as per AS 28.
Ensure that all fixed assets are properly insured.