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DEFINITIONS

Section 2 (51) of the Companies Act, 2013 define the term 'Key Managerial Personnel' in relation to a company as:

  1. The Chief Executive Officer or the Managing Director or the Manager;
  2. The Company Secretary;
  3. The Whole-Time Director;
  4. The Chief Financial Officer;
  5. Such other officer, not more than one level below the directors who is in whole-time employment, designated as key managerial personnel by the Board; and
  6. Such other officer as may be prescribed.
Appointment of Key Managerial Personnel (KMP) - Section 203 of the Companies Act, 2013

The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) -Section 2(18)

Chief Executive Officer means an officer of a company, who has been designated as such by it.

Chief Financial Officer (CFO) -Section 2(19)

Chief Financial Officer means a person appointed as the Chief Financial Officer of a company.

Company Secretary (CS)

-Section 2(24)

Company Secretary or Secretary means a company secretary as defined in clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Company Secretary Act, 1980 who is appointed by a company to perform the functions of a company secretary under this Act.

Manager -Section 2(53)

Manager means an individual who, subject to the superintendence, control and direction of the Board of Directors, has the management of the whole, or substantially the whole, of the affairs of a company, and includes a director or any other person occupying the position of a manager, by whatever name called, whether under a contract of service or not.

Managing Director (MD)

 -Section 2(54)

Managing Director means a director who, by virtue of the articles of a company or an agreement with the company or a resolution passed in its general meeting, or by its Board of Directors, is entrusted with substantial powers of management of the affairs of the company and includes a director occupying the position of managing director, by whatever name called.

Whole-Time Director

 -Section 2(94)

Whole-time Director includes a director in the whole-time employment of the company.

APPLICABILITY OF KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL (KMP)

As per the provisions of section 203(1) of the Companies Act, 2013 read with the Rule 8 of Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, every listed company and every other public company having a paid up share capital of Rs. 10 Crores or more shall have the following whole time key managerial personnel,-

  • Managing Director, or Chief Executive Officer or Manager and in their absence, a Whole-Time Director;
  • Company Secretary; and
  • Chief Financial Officer
 

APPOINTMENT OF COMPANY SECRETARIES UNDER RULE 8A

As per Rule 8A of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, companies having paid up share capital of Rs. 5 Crores or more and who are not required to appoint whole time key managerial personnel under section 203(1) shall have a whole time Company Secretary.

NO PERSON SHALL ACT AS CHAIRMAN AND MANAGING DIRECTOR AT A SAME TIME

First proviso to section 203(1) states that an individual shall not be appointed or reappointed as the chairperson of the company, in pursuance of the articles of the company, as well as the managing director or Chief Executive Officer of the company at the same time after the date of commencement of this Act unless,

  • the articles of the company contain provision for appointment of same person, or
  • the company carries only a single business, or
  • the company is engaged in multiple businesses and has appointed one or more Chief Executive Officers for each such business as may be notified by the Central Government.

Provided further that provisions of this proviso shall not apply to public companies having paid-up share capital of Rs. 100 Crores or more and annual turnover of Rs. 1000 Crore or more which are engaged in multiple businesses and have appointed Chief Executive Officer for each of such business.

MANNER OF APPOINTMENT OF KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL (KMP)

As per provisions of section 203(2) every whole-time key managerial personnel of the company shall be appointed by means of a board resolution containing the terms and conditions of the appointment including the remuneration.

A whole-time KMP shall not hold office in more than one company except in its subsidiary company at the same time.

Further a KMP may become a director of any company with the permission of the Board.

A company may appoint or employ a person as its managing director, if he is the managing director or manager of one, and of not more than one, other company and such appointment or employment is made or approved by a resolution passed at a meeting of the Board with the consent of all the directors present at the meeting and of which meeting, and of the resolution to be moved thereat, specific notice has been given to all the directors then in India.

VACANCY OF KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL (KMP)

If the office of any whole-time key managerial personnel is vacated, the board at its meeting shall fill such vacancy within a period of 6 months from the date of such vacancy.

 

PENALTY FOR CONTRAVENTION OF SECTION 203

Company

Rs. 5,00,000/-

Every director and KMP who is in default

Rs. 50,000/- and in case of continuing default a further fine of Rs. 1,000/- per day till the default continues but not exceeding Rs. 5,00,000/-

OTHER PROVISIONS REGARDING APPOINTMENT OF KMP PURSUANT TO THE SECTION 196

Section 196 of the Companies Act, 2013 provides the provision for appointment of Managing Director, Whole-Time Director or Manager:

  • Managing Director, Whole-Time Director or Manager shall not be appointed for a term exceeding 5 years at a time.
  • Reappointment can be made for the next term before the expiry of their present term but not earlier than 1 year before the expiry.
  • No company shall appoint or continue the employment of any person as managing director, whole-time director or manager who:
  • is below the age of 21 years or has attained the age of 70 years;
  • is an undischarged insolvent or has at any time been adjudged as an insolvent;
  • has at any time suspended payment to his creditors or makes, or has at any time made, a composition with them; or
  • has at any time been convicted by a court of an offence and sentenced for a period of more than 6 months.
  • Provided that a person who has attained the age of 70 years can be appointed by passing special resolution.
  • In case where no such special resolution is passed but majority of votes are in the favour, then the board may apply Central Government and if Central Government is satisfied that such appointment is beneficial to company then may approve the same. 

The author can also be reached at csneharedekar@gmail.com

Disclaimer: Please note that the above article is based on the interpretation of related laws, which may differ from person to person and is not legal advice.


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Category Corporate Law, Other Articles by - Neha Rajan Redekar 



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