Who is liable to deduct TDS u/s 194Q?
Buyer will deduct TDS of seller
As per section 194Q, When a Buyer who is responsible for paying any sum to any resident seller for the purchase of any goods of the value or aggregate of such value exceeding Rs.50 Lakhs during the year, he shall deduct TDS @0.10%, on the amount exceeding Rs.50 Lakhs. In non-PAN/ Aadhaar cases. The rate shall be 5%.
TDS u/s 194Q = 0.1% of [Total Purchases (Minus) Rs. 50 Lakhs]
From when does provision of section 194Q are applicable?
The provisions of section 194Q shall be applicable from 1st July 2021.
To whom Section 194Q is applicable?
Section 194Q is applicable to those buyers whose total sales, gross receipts or turnover from the business carried on by him exceed Rs.10 crore during the financial year immediately preceding the financial year in which the purchase of goods is carried out.
This means for FY 2021-22, a Buyer means a person whose total sales, gross receipts or turnover from business exceeds Rs.10 crore in the FY 2020-21.
Also, the threshold limit of Rs.10 crore, as well as Rs.50 Lakhs, shall be computed annually on a PAN basis and not GSTIN basis.
Who is liable to collect TCS u/s 206(1H)?
Seller will collect TCS from the buyer
As per Section 206(1H) sellers of goods whose total sales, gross receipts or turnover from the business carried on by it exceed 10 crore rupees during the financial year immediately preceding the financial year shall be liable to collect such TCS at a rate 0.1% on consideration received from a buyer in a previous year in excess of 50 lakh rupees. In non-PAN/ Aadhaar cases, the rate shall be 1%.
TCS u/s 206(1H) = [Total Sale Receipt (Minus) Rs. 50 Lakhs]
When a situation arises wherein both sections become applicable then whether TCS u/s 206C(1H) is to be collected on receipt of sales consideration above 50 Lakhs or TDS u/s 194Q is to be deducted by the buyer on the purchase of goods exceeding Rs.50 Lakhs?
Section 206C(1H) shall not apply if the buyer is liable to deduct TDS under any other provision of this Act on the goods purchased by him from the seller and has deducted such amount.
And Section 194Q says provisions of section 194Q shall not apply to a transaction on which -
(a) TDS under any of the provisions of this Act is deducted or
(b) TCS under the provisions of section 206C other than 206C(1H) applies.
So we can conclude that Section 194Q supersede Section 206C(1H), thus primary responsibility to deduct TDS is of buyer but if buyer fails to deduct TDS in this case will make Seller liable for TCS.
We would suggest you to obtain a declaration from buyer at the time of purchase itself stating that they would deduct and deposit TDS u/s 194Q.
What if buyer fails to deduct TDS u/s 194Q?
As per Section 40a(ia) – If buyer fails to deduct and deposit TDS, purchase expenditure to the extent of 30% will be disallowed and shall be subject to Income Tax at applicable tax rate.
Is TDS u/s 194Q applicable on Import Purchases as well?
Since the provision of section 194Q, are applicable when a Buyer is responsible for paying any sum to any resident seller for purchase of any goods. TDS u/s 194Q is not to be deducted from Import purchases.
Is TDS u/s 194Q applicable on purchase of capital goods?
'Goods' as per CGST Act 2017 means any kind of movable property other than services. Thus TDS u/s 194Q is applicable on purchase of capital goods.
Whether TDS u/s 194Q is to be deducted on the total invoice value including the GST?
CBDT vide Circular No. 23/2017, dated 19-7-2017, has clarified that GST on services to be excluded while deducting TDS. However, no such clarification is received about GST on goods. Also CBDT via its Circular No. 17, dated 29-09-2020 in respect of Section 206C(1H) has clarified to include GST on goods for collecting TCS. Thus we would recommend you to deduct TDS u/s 194Q on the GST amount as well till the clarification is received from CBDT.
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