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Passing of Board resolution by circulation under Section 289 of the Companies Act, 1956.


In the absence of any provision in the Act or the Company’s articles of association, requiring that the exercise of a particular power of the directors should be only at Board Meeting, there is no reason why they cannot exercise the same by passing resolution by circulation.


Further, the section enables any director to propose any resolution (other than those required to be passed only at Board Meeting) and have it passed by circulation, and thus discharge his responsibilities effectively under the Act.


The passing of resolution by circulation does not, however, dispense with the need for holding a meeting once at least in three months, as required by section 285.


Pasting of resolution passed by circulation in minute book


Where a resolution is passed by circulation the proper course will be for the resolution to be pasted in the minute book and minute also placed at the next meeting of the Board recording the fact of the resolution having been passed by circulation. Or, the minute recording it may itself copy or reproduce the whole of the circular resolution or a separate book may be maintained for recording resolutions passed by circulation. Whatever may be the mode of recording any such resolution, it should find a place in the minutes of the next Board Meeting, in order to ensure its authenticity.


Matters which require sanction at Board Meetings, and not by circulation


There are certain matters in reference to which the provisions of the act would require a resolution at an actual Board Meeting and not one by circulation. They are as follows:


S. No.





Filling a casual vacancy in the Board




The power to:


(i)                  make calls on shareholders;

(ii)                issue debentures;

(iii)              borrow moneys otherwise than on debentures;

(iv)              invest the company’s funds;

(v)                make loans;




Board’s sanction for certain contracts in which particular directors are interested;




Disclosure to the Board of a director’s interest in a transaction of the company;




Disclosure to the Board of a director’s shareholding



Section-316 & 386

Approval to the appointment of a person as Managing Director or manager in more than one company;




Sanction for inter-corporate loan, investment or giving of guarantees or providing security.



Regulation-81of table A is the Model Regulation pertaining to this section in the Article of Association.


Text of Regulation-81of table A: Save as otherwise expressly provided in the Act, a resolution in writing, signed by all the members of the Board or a committee thereof, for the time being entitled to receive notice of a meeting of the Board or committee, shall be as valid and effectual as if it had been passed at a meeting of the Board or committee, duly convened and held.


Is circulation resolution required to be confirmed in the next Board Meeting


There is no specific provision in the Act which requires that circulation resolution should be confirmed / recorded by the board at the next Board Meeting. However as a good secretarial practice, the resolutions of directors passed by circulation should be recorded at the next board meeting to ensure their authenticity.


Also the Secretarial Standard on Board Meeting (SS-1) issued by ICSI states that circular resolution should be placed before the next Board Meeting for noting and should be reproduced as part of minutes of that meeting.


While recording the minutes of the Board Meeting, it must be ensured that the whole of the resolution passed by circulation finds place in the minutes of the Board meeting.


                           Circular Resolution



Board Resolution (to be circulated to all directors)






(Address in India only)                                                                               Dated………….


Dear Sir,


It is proposed to……………..(here mention the purpose). This cannot wait till the next meeting of the Board of Directors. Accordingly I am sending herewith the following resolution, in duplicate, which is intended to be passed as a resolution by circulation as provided in section 289 of the Companies Act, 1956 for your kind consideration.


“RESOLVED THAT……………………………….”

(Set out the resolution intended to be passed)



                                                                                                            (Please tick)





You are requested to return the duly signed duplicate copy of the same after indicating your assent or dissent to the proposal under your signatures at the registered office of the company at your early convenience.


Yours faithfully,





To conclude we may say that a resolution passed by circulation does not, however, dispense with the need for holding a meeting once at least in three months, as is required under Section 285.



Published by

Ankur Garg
(Company Secretary and Compliance Officer)
Category Corporate Law   Report

3 Likes   626 Shares   223227 Views


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