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NRO & NRE Accounts: Guide for NRIs

CA Arun Tiwari , Last updated: 02 April 2024  


Hello there, fellow Non-Resident Indians (NRIs)! If you've been navigating the complexities of managing finances while living abroad, you've probably encountered the terms NRO and NRE accounts. These are two crucial banking tools that NRIs can use to handle their money in India efficiently. Today, let's delve into NRO and NRE accounts and how they can be effectively used for family expenses and investments.


Understanding NRO Accounts

The NRO account, or Non-Resident Ordinary account, is designed for managing income earned in India, such as rental income, dividends, and pensions. NRIs need to open an NRO account to handle these earnings efficiently. NRO accounts are convenient for managing family expenses in India. You can deposit Indian earnings and easily pay bills, school fees, medical expenses, etc., from anywhere. Additionally, they offer tax benefits and limited repatriation, making them suitable for NRIs interested in Indian investments or property purchase. Joint accounts with resident Indians facilitate easy money transfers within the family.


Understanding NRE Accounts

The NRE account, or Non-Resident External account, is different from the NRO account as it's maintained in foreign currency and fully repatriable. This allows the free transfer of both the principal amount and interest earned back to your foreign country. Primarily used for investments and long-term financial planning, the NRE account shields you from fluctuations in the Indian rupee’s value. It provides high liquidity, enabling easy access to funds, which is beneficial for NRIs with sudden financial needs in their home country or abroad.


Differentiating Family Expenses and Investments

For family expenses, an NRO account is the preferred choice. This account allows you to manage your Indian income and make payments for various expenses, ensuring your family members and dependents residing in India have the financial support they need. On the other hand, for investments, the NRE account takes the lead. When you want to invest in Indian financial instruments like fixed deposits, mutual funds, stocks, or real estate, the NRE account becomes invaluable. Not only does it protect your investments from currency risks, but it also offers tax-free interest income, providing higher returns compared to the NRO account.


Best Practices for Using NRO and NRE Accounts

Now that we've grasped the distinction between family expenses and investments, let's dive into some best practices to make the most of your NRO and NRE accounts.

  1. Segregate funds: Use NRO accounts for Indian income and expenses to track domestic financial obligations and comply with regulations.
  2. Wisely use repatriation: Strategically transfer funds up to USD 1 million per financial year from NRO to foreign accounts, ensuring compliance with tax regulations.
  3. Diversify NRE investments: Explore various investment opportunities in India after thorough research and professional advice.
  4. Utilize technology: Take advantage of online banking services for easy monitoring, transactions, and setting up alerts for financial management.


In conclusion, NRO and NRE accounts are essential for managing family expenses and investments effectively. The NRO account handles Indian income and supports the family, while the NRE account offers currency-protected investments with higher returns. Understanding these accounts and following best practices ensure financial security for NRIs and their loved ones. Embrace the financial freedom of NRO and NRE accounts to navigate family expenses and investments confidently.

The author is a Chartered Accountant and former EY employee, serves as the Chief Consultant of the NRI Desk and Influencer Desk at AKT Associates. He specializes in offering consultancy services tailored for NRIs and is dedicated to creating educational content to raise awareness within the NRI community.

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CA Arun Tiwari
Category Corporate Law   Report



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