House Rent Allowance exemption under section 10(13A) is allowed if Salaried individuals getting House Rent Allowance as part of salary and full fill below two conditions:
- He has taken a residential accommodation in which he resides on rent.
- He has not occupied such property in which he resides.
If you don’t live in a rented accommodation. You live with your parents in their house. In that case also, you can claim HRA. However there should be a rent agreement, and parents must show this rental income in their Income Tax Return.
How to calculate HRA : Use HRA exemption calculator-
HRA Exemption can be claimed whichever is least on the following basis:-
- Actual HRA Received
- Rent paid minus 10% of Salary
- 40% of salary if he resides in Non Metro City or 50% of salary if resides in Metro City.
If rent paid during the financial year exceeds Rs.1,00,000, PAN of landlord is necessary.
Mr. Sumit employed in Chandigarh.
He has paid a rent to Mr. X of Rs 1,44,000 during the financial year 2017-18.
His basic salary is Rs. 3,60,000 and House Rent Allowance received of Rs 1,80,000.
What is exemption of HRA?
Mr. Sumit can claim HRA exemption as below(whichever is the least)
* SALARY means BASIC SALARY + D.A.(if any)
|1. Actual HRA Received||1,80,000|
|2. Rent Paid minus 10% of Salary i.e. 1,44,000-(10% of 3,60,000)||1,08,000|
|3. 40% of Salary because he is living Non Metro City||1,44,000|
So, Mr. Sumit is eligible for HRA Exemption under section 10(13A) of Rs. 1,08,000 in the financial year 2017-18 and Rs. 72,000 i.e.(1,80,000-1,08,000) is taxable