As we all welcome GST there are many things left unsaid that need to be clarified and creating a lot of trouble and confusion in the minds of the traders. The government is coming up with various notifications for the smooth working of this new tax regime and one of such important notification issued by the government is to give marginal relief to dealers dealing in second-hand goods Example Car Dealers, Jewellers, etc.
A second-hand dealer of goods works in two ways:-
(1) He buys the goods from one person and sells it to other keeping his margin of profit.
(2) He helps in selling the goods on some commission.
The second way of doing business i.e. on commission basis has been specifically dealt in the law and is termed as service and the same is taxable presently @18%.
However there is lot of misunderstanding, confusion in the dealers where the dealer buys the goods from one person and sells the same to the other. In this Article I have tried to work down various provisions related to the sale of Second Hand Goods which may bring some clarity to this issue.
Now under the GST Regime there is no difference on the rate of tax to be charged on the new or second hand goods. So if a new car attracts say 28% of GST the rate of GST applicable to second hand car will also be 28%. Now dealers are of the view that such a high rate of tax will completely ruin the business of the second hand market but this misconception has been created in the minds of these dealers by some so called GST experts.
Under the GST regime the Second Hand Goods industry is facing two major problems:
a. Do they have to pay tax under Reverse Charge under Section 9(4) of the Act on the goods which they purchase from common people who are unregistered as Sec 9(4) says that if a registered dealer make purchase from unregistered dealer above Rs.5000/- per day he will have to pay tax under Reverse Charge on the behalf of that unregistered dealer.
b. Do they have to pay tax on the full rate as applicable to the new goods at the whole of the value charged from the buyer.
Government by way of various notifications has tried to answer these concerns of the Second hand Goods Industry.
Now for the 1st issue the government has come up with Notification No.10/ 2017- Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 under Section 11(1) of the Act giving some marginal relief to these second hand goods dealers.
This notification has provided certain exemption in respect of Section 9(4) from payment of tax on the purchase of these goods under Reverse Charge. The Notification says that if the dealer is paying the tax on the sale of these second hand goods he will be exempt from paying the tax on its purchase from unregistered dealer under Section 9(4).
So government by way of this notification has given a big relief to these dealers so their valuable capital should not be blocked by unnecessary paying the tax at the time of purchase and then claiming its credit at the time of its sale.
Now the answer of the second problem lies in the valuation rules notified by the Government vide Notification No.10/2017 – Central Tax dated 28.06.2017. Rule 32 (5) of the Act specifically deals with the valuation of the Second hand goods. As the tax has to be paid on the value to be determined by the valuation rules. The valuation rules are of prime importance.
Rule 32(5) of the Act provides where a taxable supply is provided by a person dealing in buying and selling of second hand goods i.e. used goods as such or after such minor processing which does not change the nature of the goods and where no input tax credit has been availed on the purchase of such goods, the value of supply shall be the difference between the selling price and the purchase.
Now let's understand this with an example
'A' a unregistered common man goes to a Car dealer to sell his car for let's say Rs.400000/-. Now the car dealer who is dealing in the business of second hand goods purchase that car and sells the same to another person say 'B' at Rs.500000/-. Now the rule says that the tax shall not be paid on the full amount of Rs.500000/- but on the difference between the selling and the purchase price i.e. (Rs.500000/- - Rs.400000/- = Rs.100000/-).
So by way of this valuation rule the government had tried to give relief to this trade that the tax will have to be paid not on the whole of the amount but only to the value addition done by the second-hand dealer thus minimizing the cascading effect.
However, there is condition to this valuation rule that the nature of good should not changes due to possessing. Similarly, in the marginal scheme notification, the relief is available only if the same goods are sold.
Lets take an example.
'A' goes to a Jeweller to sell his gold ring for say Rs.20000/-. Now if the Jeweller sells that gold ring to another person 'B' for say Rs.25000/- the valuation rules says that the value of such supply will be Rs.5000/- and GST has to be paid on Rs.5000/- which is 3% at present. However if the Jeweller melts that ring and makes another ring or any other jewellery and sells the same then valuation under this Rule will not be applicable and now if he sells the new product Rs.25000/- he will have to pay tax on whole of Rs.25000/- and not on his margin.
In the case where the nature of the goods are changed even the marginal scheme under Section 11(1) of the Act will not be available and the second-hand dealer will also have to pay tax on the Purchase of second-hand goods under Section 9(4) under the Reverse Charge and then he will be allowed claim the ITC of the same while discharging his output liability.
So to some extent, the government has given some relaxation to the second-hand goods industry.