AS PER PARTNERSHIP ACT 1932
Section33 EXPULSION OF A PARTNER. (1) A partner may not be expelled from a firm by any majority of the partners, save in the exercise in good faith or powers conferred by contract between the partners. (2) The provisions of sub-sections (2), (3) and (4) of section 32 shall apply to an expelled partner as if he were a retired partner.
Section32 RETIREMENT OF A PARTNER
(1) A partner may retire -
(a) with the consent of all the other partners,
(b) in accordance with an express agreement by the partners, or
(c) where the partnership is at will, by giving notice in writing to all the other partners of his intention to retire.
(2) A retiring partner may be discharged from any liability to any third party for acts of the firm done before his retirement by an agreement made by him with such third party and the partners of the reconstituted firm, and such agreement may be implied by a course of dealing between such third party and the reconstituted firm after he had knowledge of the retirement.
(3) Notwithstanding the retirement of a partner from a firm, he and the partners continue to be liable as partners to third parties for any act done by any of them which would have been an act of the firm if done before the retirement, until public notice is given of the retirement Provided that a retired partner is not liable to any third party who deals with the firm without knowing that he was a party.
(4) Notices under sub-section (3) may be given by the retired partner or by any partner of the reconstituted firm.
Case Law: Ramnarayan v/s Kashinath AIR 1954 Sec 33 applies where the powers of expulsion has been reserved in the articles of partnership and has been exercised in good faith by all the partners whose concurrence might be necessary under the articles of partnership. It does not apply to case of expulsion of partner in direct breach of contract of partnership.
AS PER LLP ACT 2008
Sch-1 Sec 23(4) –
This schedule is applicable in case of no expressive clause in the agreement.
13. No majority of the partners can expel any partner unless a power to do so has been conferred by express agreement between the partners.
24. Cessation of partnership interest.-
(1) A person may cease to be a partner of a limited liability partnership in accordance with an agreement with the other partners or, in the absence of agreement with the other partners as to cessation of being a partner, by giving a notice in writing of not less than thirty days to the other partners of his intention to resign as partner.
(2) A person shall cease to be a partner of a limited liability partnership-
(a) on his death or dissolution of the limited liability partnership; or
(b) if he is declared to be of unsound mind by a competent court; or
(c) if he has applied to be adjudged as an insolvent or declared as an insolvent.
(3) Where a person has ceased to be a partner of a limited liability partnership (hereinafter referred to as "former partner"), the former partner is to be regarded (in relation to any person dealing with the limited liability partnership) as still being a partner of the limited liability partnership unless-
(a) the person has notice that the former partner has ceased to be a partner of the limited liability partnership; or
(b) notice that the former partner has ceased to be a partner of the limited liability partnership has been delivered to the Registrar.
(4) The cessation of a partner from the limited liability partnership does not by itself discharge the partner from any obligation to the limited liability partnership or to the other partners or to any other person which he incurred while being a partner.
(5) Where a partner of a limited liability partnership ceases to be a partner, unless otherwise provided in the limited liability partnership agreement, the former partner or a person entitled to his share in consequence of the death or insolvency of the former partner, shall be entitled to receive from the limited liability partnership –
(a) an amount equal to the capital contribution of the former partner actually made to the limited liability partnership; and
(b) his right to share in the accumulated profits of the limited liability partnership, after the deduction of accumulated losses of the limited liability partnership, determined as at the date the former partner ceased to be a partner.
(6) A former partner or a person entitled to his share in consequence of the death or insolvency of the former partner shall not have any right to interfere in the management of the limited liability partnership.
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