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Changes in reporting of ITC IN GSTR-3B

Nilesh Mahajan , Last updated: 02 September 2022  
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COMPARISON OF TABLE 4 OF FORM GSTR-3B

BEFORE AMENDMENT

AFTER AMENDMENT

CHANGE

(A)

ITC Available (whether in full or part)

(A)

ITC Available (whether in full or part)

 

(1)

Import of goods

(1)

Import of goods

No Change

(2)

Import of services

(2)

Import of services

No Change

(3)

Inward supplies liable to reverse charge (other than 1 & 2 above)

(3)

Inward supplies liable to reverse charge (other than 1 & 2 above)

No Change

(4)

Inward supplies from ISD

(4)

Inward supplies from ISD

No Change

(5)

All other ITC

(5)

All other ITC

No Change

(B)

ITC Reversed

(B)

ITC Reversed

 

(1)

As per rules 42 & 43 of CGST Rules

(1)

As per rules 38, 42, and 43 of CGST Rules and sub-section (5) of section 17

Operational impact of the highlighted text is explained on the next slide

(2)

Others

(2)

Others

(C)

Net ITC Available (A) - (B)

(C)

Net ITC Available (A) - (B)

(D)

Ineligible ITC

(D)

Other details

(1)

As per Section 17(5)

(1)

ITC reclaimed which was reversed under Table 4(B)(2) in earlier tax period

(2)

Others

(2)

Ineligible ITC under section 16(4) and ITC restricted due to POS provisions

Changes in reporting of ITC IN GSTR-3B

OPERATIONAL IMPACT OF CHANGES IN TABLE 4 (B) & 4 (D) OF FORM GSTR-3B

  • Currently, many taxpayers have been recording ITC on the eligible inward supply only in their ITC ledger including where ITC is required to be revered in the following scenarios:
    • Where ITC is required to be reversed on account of common inward supply used for taxable as well as exempt outward supply in terms of Rule 42 & 43; or
    • Reversal & Reclaim of ITC in case of non-payment of consideration to vendors within 180 days from the date of invoice; or
    • Any reversal on account of earlier wrong availment & utilization of ITC
  • In respect of ITC on inward supplies covered under 17(5), taxpayers are not recording the same & transfer such ITC directly to the P&L account
  • Further, at the time of availing ITC in GSTR - 3B, reconciliation is done between the Static ITC statement in Form GSTR - 2B vs ITC recorded in books of accounts as per the above-stated manner
  • After such reconciliation & subject to other provisions of Section 16 & 17 of the CGST Act read with Rules made thereunder, the credit will be reported in the respective fields of table 4 of GSTR - 3B
  • However, considering the fact that declaration of ineligible ITC as per Section 17(5) in table 4(D)(1) was just informative in nature and further direct expense out treatment given to such credit in books of account, many taxpayers were not reporting the amount of ineligible ITC as per Section 17(5) in GSTR - 3B
  • After the amendment in Table 4(B) of GSTR - 3B, it has been clarified that all ITC as available in GSTR 2B including ITC ineligible in terms of section 17(5), Rule 42,43 and 38 and re-availed ITC (earlier reversed due to ineligibility as per section 16(2)(c) & (d) and Rule 37) needs to be taken to Table 4(A). Thereafter, ineligible ITC as per the aforesaid provisions will have to be separately taken to Table 4(B). Consequently, Net ITC as per Table 4(C) i.e., [4(A) - 4(B)] shall only be credited to the electronic credit ledger.
  • Thus it is mandatory to record all ineligible ITC as well, even if it is absolute in nature and not reclaimable e.g., Ineligible ITC under Rule 38 or Section 17(5), etc.
  • Accordingly, We believe taxpayers will have to make changes in their manner of accounting for recording ITC by categorizing the same in accordance with various applicable provisions under GST law. We have captured a list of those categories for ease of reference
    • Ineligible ITC in terms of Section 17(5)
    • Ineligible & eligible to reclaim ITC in terms of Rule 37 (non-payment of consideration within 180 days)
    • Ineligible ITC in terms of Rule 38 (reversal of credit by a banking company or a financial institution)
    • Ineligible ITC in terms of Rule 42 (common credit on inward supply of inputs or input services used for outward supply of taxable as well exempted supply)
    • Ineligible ITC in terms of Rule 43 (common credit on inward supply of capital goods used for outward supply of taxable as well exempted supply)
    • Ineligible ITC due to difference in place of supply
    • Ineligible ITC on time-barred invoices in terms of Section 16(4)
    • Ineligible ITC in the current tax period due to non-fulfilment of conditions of Section 16 e.g., receipt of invoice in the current month but supply received in the next month
    • Ineligible ITC used exclusively or party for other than business purpose
    • All other eligible ITC

OPERATIONAL IMPACT OF CHANGES IN TABLE 4(B) & 4(D) OF FORM GSTR-3B

  • Form GSTR 2B will also auto-categorize ITC into ineligible ITC in the following two cases:
    • Ineligible ITC in case of intra-State supply where the location of the recipient is different than the place of supply
    • Ineligible ITC on time-barred invoices in terms of Section 16(4)
  • Considering the changes in reporting of ITC in tables 4(B) & (D) of GSTR 3B, every taxpayer needs to revisit their current method of the recording ITC in books of accounts and make appropriate changes to ensure the availability of correct data for reconciliation with ITC in GSTR 2B and smooth reporting in Form GSTR 3B
  • Comparative illustration of reporting of ITC reversal before and after the amendment of GSTR 3B is provided in next slide for better understanding
 

ILLUSTRATION

A Registered person M/s ABC is a manufacturer (supplier) of goods. He supplies both taxable as well as exempted goods. In the month of June 2022, he has received input and input services as detailed in Table 1 below. The details of auto-population of Input Tax Credit on all Inward Supplies in various rows of Table 4 (A) of FORM GSTR-3B are shown in column (7) of Table 1 below:

Details

IGST [₹]

CGST [₹]

SGST [₹]

Total [₹]

Relevant table of GSTR - 2B

 

ITC on Import of goods

1,00,000

-

-

1,00,000

Auto-populated in Table 4(A)(1)

 

ITC on Import of Services

50,000

-

-

50,000

-

 

ITC on Inward Supplies under RCM

-

25,000

25,000

50,000

Auto-populated in Table 4(A)(3)

 

ITC on Inward Supplies from ISD

50,000

-

-

-

Auto-populated in Table 4(A)(4)

 

ITC on other inward supplies

2,00,000

1,50,000

1,50,000

5,00,000

Auto-populated in Table 4(A)(5)

 

Total

4,00,000

1,75,000

1,75,000

7,50,000

-

 

Other relevant facts

  1. Of the other inward supplies mentioned in a row (5), M/s ABC has received goods on which ITC is barred under section 17(5) of the CGST Act having integrated tax of Rs. 50,000/-
  2. In terms of Rules 42 and 43 of the CGST Rules, M/s ABC is required to reverse ITC of Rs. 75,500/- integrated tax, Rs. 52,000/- central tax, and Rs. 52,000/- state tax
  3. M/s ABC had not received the supply during June 2022 in respect of an invoice for an inwards supply auto-populated in a row (5) having an integrated tax of Rs. 10,000/-
  4. M/s ABC has reversed ITC of Rs. 500/- central tax and Rs. 500/- state tax on account of Rule 37 i.e., where consideration was not paid to the supplier within 180 days
  5. M/s ABC has ITC of Rs. 5,000/- central tax and Rs. 5,000/- State tax to reclaim on account Rule 37

An amount of ITC of Rs 10,000/ central Tax and Rs 10,000/- state tax, ineligible on account of the limitation of time period as delineated in subsection (4) of section 16 of the CGST Act, has not been auto-populated in Table 4(A) of FORM GSTR-3B from GSTR 2B

Amendment

 

BEFORE AMENDMENT

  • Point A: Ineligible ITC as per Section 17(5) is reported in 4(D)(1) for informational purposes and it has already been deducted from 4(A)(5)
  • Point B: Declared in 4(B)(1) to reverse the ITC in terms of Rule 42 & 4
  • Point C: ITC on the invoice for which supply is not received is not reported anywhere
  • Point D: ITC required to be reversed for non-payment of consideration is reported in table 4(B)(2)
  • Point E: ITC reclaimed as per Rule 37 is reported in 4(A)(5)
 

AFTER AMENDMENT

  • Point A: Ineligible ITC as per Section 17(5) is reported in 4(A)(5) & the same figure is reported in 4(B)(1) for reduction from figures of ‘All other ITC’
  • Point B: Declared in 4(B)(1) to reverse the ITC in terms of Rule 42 & 4
  • Point C: ITC on invoices for which supply is not received is reported in 4(A)(5) and the same is also reported in 4(B)(2) to reduce the same
  • Point D: ITC required to be reversed for non-payment of consideration is reported in table 4(B)(2)
  • Point E: ITC reclaimed as per Rule 37 is reported in 4(A)(5) & 4(D)(1)
  • Point F: ITC on time-barred invoices not included in 4(A)(5) and declared in 4(D)(1)
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Nilesh Mahajan
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