As GST is in full swing from 1st July 2017 there are many query related to fact that which activity to be treated as supply of goods and which activities to be treated as supply of services. So this article encompass the topic i.e. Activities to be treated as supply of Goods or supply of services.

Schedule 2 of CGST act tells us about the activities to be treated as supply of goods or supply of services.

1. Transfer

(a) Any transfer of the title in goods is a supply of goods;

(b) Any transfer of right in goods or of undivided share in goods without the transfer of title thereof, is a supply of services;

(c) Any transfer of title in goods under an agreement which stipulates that property in goods shall pass at a future date upon payment of full consideration as agreed, is a supply of goods.

2. Land and Building

(a) Any lease, tenancy, easement, licence to occupy land is a supply of services;

(b) Any lease or letting out of the building including a commercial, industrial or residential complex for business or commerce, either wholly or partly, is a supply of services.

3. Treatment or process

Any treatment or process which is applied to another person's goods is a supply of services.

4. Transfer of business assets

(a) where goods forming part of the assets of a business are transferred or disposed of by or under the directions of the person carrying on the business so as no longer to form part of those assets, whether or not for a consideration, such transfer or disposal is a supply of goods by the person;

(b) where, by or under the direction of a person carrying on a business, goods held or used for the purposes of the business are put to any private use or are used, or made available to any person for use, for any purpose other than a purpose of the business, whether or not for a consideration, the usage or making available of such goods is a supply of services;

(c) Where any person ceases to be a taxable person, any goods forming part of the assets of any business carried on by him shall be deemed to be supplied by him in the course or furtherance of his business immediately before he ceases to be a taxable person, unless -

(i) The business is transferred as a going concern to another person; or
(ii) The business is carried on by a personal representative who is deemed to be a taxable person.

5. Supply of services

The following shall be treated as supply of services, namely:

(a) Renting of immovable property;

(b) Construction of a complex, building, civil structure or a part thereof, including a complex or building intended for sale to a buyer, wholly or partly, except where the entire consideration has been received after issuance of completion certificate, where required, by the competent authority or after its first occupation, whichever is earlier.


For the purposes of this clause -

(1) The expression "competent authority" means the Government or any authority authorised to issue completion certificate under any law for the time being in force and in case of non-requirement of such certificate from such authority, from any of the following, namely:

(i) An architect registered with the Council of Architecture constituted under the Architects Act, 1972; or
(ii) A chartered engineer registered with the Institution of Engineers (India); or
(iii) A licensed surveyor of the respective local body of the city or town or village or development or planning authority;

(2) The expression "construction" includes additions, alterations, replacements or remodelling of any existing civil structure;

(c) Temporary transfer or permitting the use or enjoyment of any intellectual property* right;

* It refers to creation of mind; inventions; literary and artistic work; and symbols, names and images used in commerce

(d) Development, design, programming, customization, adaptation, upgradation, enhancement, implementation of information technology software;

(e) Agreeing to the obligation to refrain from an act, or to tolerate an act or a situation, or to do an act; and

(f) Transfer of the right to use any goods for any purpose (whether or not for a specified period) for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration.

6. Composite supply

The following composite supplies* shall be treated as a supply of services, namely:

*composite supply is covered under sec2(30) which means a supply made by a taxable person to a recipient consisting of two or more taxable supplies of goods or services or both, or any combination thereof, which are naturally bundled and supplied in conjunction with each other in the ordinary course of business, one of which is a principal supply

(a)Works contract* as defined in clause (119) of section 2; and

*works contract means a contract for building, construction, fabrication, completion, erection, installation, fitting out, improvement, modification, repair, maintenance, renovation, alteration or commissioning of any immovable property wherein transfer of property in goods (whether as goods or in some other form) is involved in the execution of such contract;

(b) Supply, by way of or as part of any service or in any other manner whatsoever, of goods, being food or any other article for human consumption or any drink (other than alcoholic liquor for human consumption), where such supply or service is for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration.

7. Supply of Goods The following shall be treated as supply of goods, namely:

Supply of goods by any unincorporated association or body of persons to a member thereof for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration.

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Rishabh Dham
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Category GST   Report

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