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Personal Income Tax Collection to Surpass Corporate Income Tax for Second Consecutive Year

Last updated: 22 February 2024

Data from the Income Tax department has revealed a significant shift in the tax landscape, with Personal Income Tax (PIT) set to outpace Corporate Income Tax (CIT) for the second consecutive year. This trend, along with projections for fiscal year 2023-24, indicates a notable rise in the share of direct taxes over indirect taxes in overall tax collection.

Historical Perspective

Analysis spanning fiscal years 2000-01 to 2022-23 illuminates that only twice before – in fiscal years 2020-21 and 2022-23 – has PIT collection exceeded CIT. Now, with the FY 2024-25 Budget forecasting PIT collection to surpass ₹10.22 lakh crore, compared to ₹9.22 lakh crore in the current fiscal year, this marks the second consecutive year of PIT dominance over CIT.

Government Initiatives

In a recent interview, Revenue Secretary Sanjay Malhotra expressed optimism about the surge in PIT collection, attributing it to a slew of governmental initiatives. These initiatives include leveraging technology, facilitating updated return filings, employing the Annual Information Statement (AIS), and rationalizing tax rates. Malhotra hailed this trend as positive news, signifying the success of ongoing governmental efforts.

Personal Income Tax Collection to Surpass Corporate Income Tax for Second Consecutive Year

Growth Factors

Nitin Gupta, Chairman of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), emphasized that the growth in the number of tax returns filed – with a 9% increase this year – has contributed to the uptick in tax collection. He viewed the rise in PIT as indicative of India's progression towards becoming a developed nation, aligning with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of a prosperous India by 2047.

Policy Caution

Despite the positive trajectory, Malhotra cautioned against hasty rate rationalization for PIT payers. He emphasized the need for thorough evaluation, pointing out that significant changes were implemented only last year. Rapid alterations, he argued, could undermine tax stability and certainty, necessitating a cautious approach to tax policy adjustments.

Shift in Tax Composition

Data indicates that direct taxes are poised to constitute 56.6% of total tax collection by the end of FY24, marking the highest share in 14 years. This shift is notable, especially considering the downward trend in central excise duty over the past four years and reduced mobilization through custom duty due to geopolitical factors. However, robust GST collections offer a silver lining in the realm of indirect taxes.


The ascendancy of Personal Income Tax over Corporate Income Tax for two consecutive years underscores a significant shift in India's tax landscape. As direct taxes claim a larger share of total tax collection, it reflects evolving economic dynamics and governmental efforts to foster a conducive tax environment. While the trajectory is promising, policymakers must exercise prudence in enacting further tax reforms to ensure continued stability and growth.

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