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Section 43B: Deductible Expenses Beyond MSME Payments

Last updated: 13 May 2024


In recent times, a significant segment of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and traders in India has been closely monitoring developments related to Section 43B of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Specifically, attention has been drawn towards the implications of the new clause 'h' introduced under this section by the government, aimed at addressing the issue of delayed payments encountered by MSMEs.

Overview of Clause H

Clause h under Section 43B brings forth a crucial alteration concerning the timeframe within which payments must be settled by buyers to avail deductions. It mandates that expenses listed in invoices would only be deductible for buyers if settled within 45 days, provided an agreement exists. In the absence of such an agreement, the settlement window tightens to a mere 15 days.

Section 43B: Deductible Expenses Beyond MSME Payments

Consequences for MSMEs in Textiles, Exports, and Traders

The apprehension among certain sectors, notably MSMEs in textiles, exports, and traders, is palpable. They express concerns regarding the practicality and potential repercussions of this new clause. For these entities, the timeline specified poses operational challenges and financial strains, impacting their cash flow dynamics significantly.

Understanding Other Clauses under Section 43B

It's imperative to recognize that apart from the contentious clause h, Section 43B encompasses seven other clauses delineating various expenses allowed as deductions. These deductions play a pivotal role for businesses and professionals in computing their taxable income. The significance lies not just in the deductions themselves but also in the methodology of accounting employed.

Expenses Deductible under Section 43B

Let's delve into the seven clauses specifying deductible expenses:

  • Tax, Duty, Cess, or Fee: Payments made under any prevailing law.
  • Contributions to Funds: Including provident fund, superannuation fund, or other welfare funds for employees.
  • Bonus or Commission: Amounts paid to employees for services rendered.
  • Interest Payments: Including interest on loans from financial institutions or scheduled banks.
  • Leave Encashment: Amounts paid by employers in lieu of employee leave.
  • Payments to Indian Railways: For the utilization of railway assets.


Section 43B of the Income Tax Act, 1961, stands as a critical component shaping the financial landscape for businesses and professionals in India. While the introduction of clause h has sparked debates and concerns, it's essential to grasp its broader context alongside the other clauses. As MSMEs and traders navigate these regulatory frameworks, understanding and adapting to these provisions become paramount for ensuring compliance and financial viability.

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