What is IPO ?

CA. Dashrath Maheshwari (TaXpert) (15065 Points)

22 September 2008  

About Public Issues

Corporates may raise capital in the primary market by way of an initial public offer, rights issue or private placement. An Initial Public Offer (IPO) is the selling of securities to the public in the primary market. This Initial Public Offering can be made through the fixed price method, book building method or a combination of both.

There are two types of Public Issues:






Fixed Price Issues

Price at which the securities are offered and would be allotted is made known in advance to the investors

Demand for the securities offered is known only after the closure of the issue

100 % advance payment is required to be made by the investors at the time of application.

50 % of the shares offered are reserved for applications below Rs. 1 lakh and the balance for higher amount applications.

Book Building Issues

A 20 % price band is offered by the issuer within which investors are allowed to bid and the final price is determined by the issuer only after closure of the bidding.

Demand for the securities offered , and at various prices, is available on a real time basis on the BSE website during the bidding period..

10 % advance payment is required to be made by the QIBs along with the application, while other categories of investors have to pay 100 % advance along with the application.

50 % of shares offered are reserved for QIBS, 35 % for small investors and the balance for all other investors.