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DGGI Investigates Rs 850 Crore Tax Evasion by Coaching Centers Nationwide

Last updated: 24 February 2024

The Directorate General of Goods and Services Tax Intelligence (DGGI) has launched a sweeping investigation into suspected tax evasion amounting to approximately ₹850 crore by major commercial tutoring institutions for the fiscal years 2020-21 and 2021-22. This probe, initiated in January 2023, aims to uncover discrepancies in student enrollment figures and the alleged failure of these institutions to remit collected taxes to the government.

Scope of the Investigation

Officials from the DGGI are meticulously scrutinizing the financial activities of numerous large and medium-sized tutoring centers across India. More than 145 institutions spanning various academic disciplines, including medical and engineering entrance exam preparation, as well as language and aptitude tests like IELTS and GRE, are under investigation for potential tax evasion. These tutoring centers are situated in key education hubs such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kota, Kolkata, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, and several tier-2 cities.

DGGI Investigates Rs 850 Crore Tax Evasion by Coaching Centers Nationwide

Modus Operandi of Tax Evasion

The tutoring centers under scrutiny are alleged to have charged an 18% Goods and Services Tax (GST) on their fees but either failed to remit this amount to the government or falsely claimed these services as exempt from tax. Some centers reportedly offered discounts equivalent to the GST charged, subsequently omitting these transactions from their tax returns, in violation of the CGST Act, 2017, specifically Section 132(1)(d). The investigation has also revealed disparities between the reported earnings and actual earnings of these institutions.

Enforcement Measures

Although specific names of the implicated centers have not been disclosed due to the ongoing nature of the probe, arrests have been made in connection with these investigations. Additionally, the DGGI has instructed its zonal offices to identify and compile a list of coaching centers that have failed to register for GST, indicating the severity of enforcement actions being undertaken.


The DGGI's investigation into alleged tax evasion by major tutoring institutions underscores the government's commitment to combating financial malpractice and ensuring tax compliance across various sectors. As the probe unfolds, stakeholders await further developments while emphasizing the importance of transparency and adherence to tax regulations within the education industry.

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