File Content -
Finance Act 2016
CS Divesh Goyal
Practicing Company Secretary
GOYAL DIVESH & ASSOCIATES
Mob No- 91-8130757966, 8130657778
H- 17, 265, 2nd Floor, Sector-7,
(opp. Metro pillar No. 425,)
Brief of Finance Act 2016, passed in Lok
Sabha:- Direct Tax and Service Tax.
P a g e | 1
The Finance Budget 2016 has been passed in Lok Sabh a on 05 May 2016 with few amendments. The
president assented the finance bill on 14 May 2016. The following are the major highlights of Finance Act,
Amendment in Direct Tax
Rate of surcharge has been increased from 12% to 15% if total income of an
individual/HUF/AOP/BOI/trust exceeds Rs. 1 crore.
An additional tax at 10% shall be paid by a resident individual, HUF or a firm on gross
amount of dividend, if such dividend received by them from a domestic company exceeds Rs.
10 lakhs per annum.
The Finance Bill, 2016 as passed by the Lok Sabha i nserted a new clause to provide that the period
of 36 months would be substituted with period of 24 months in case of unlisted shares . In other
words, unlisted shares of company would be treated as short-term capital asset if it is held for a
period of 24 months or less immediately preceding t he date of its transfer.
Relief under Section 87A has been raised from Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 5,000 in order to provide for
relief to small taxpayers. This relief is available to a resident individual if his/her total income is
not more than Rs. 5,00,000.
Incase of domestic company, the rate of Income-tax shall be 29% of the total income if the total
turnover or gross receipts of the company in the pr evious year 2015-16 does not exceed Rs. 5
crore and in all other cases the rate of Income-tax shall be 30% of the total income.
For the purpose of advance tax, to bring at par the non-corporate tax payers with corporate
taxpayers , non-corporate tax payers shall be required to pay advance tax in four installments’,
viz; 15%, 45%, 75% and 100% of tax on or before 15
thJune, 15thSeptember, 15thDecember and
Advance tax provisions shall apply to assessees’ opti ng for presumptive taxation u/s 44AD
and consequently interest on default and deferment of advance tax under section 234B and 234C
respectively shall be levied.
TCS is to be levied at 1% in case of sale in cash of goods or services , if value there of exceeds
Rs.2lakhs. Further, levy of TCS at 1% on sale of motor vehicle , if the value exceeds Rs. 10 Lakhs.
A new section 44ADA is introduced for computing professional income on presumptive basis
at 50% of gross receipts if the receipts do not exc eeds Rs. 50 Lakhs.
The limit of section 44AD is increased to Rs. 2 Crores.
Increase in the limit from Rs. 25 Lakhs to Rs. 50 L akhs under section 44AB for requirement of
audit for specified professionals.
In order to provide relief to newly setup domestic companies, the rate of tax shall be 25% if the
following conditions are met:
the company has been setup and registered on or afte r 01-03-2016;
the company is engaged in the business of manufacture or production of any article or
thing and is not engaged in any other business;
the company has not claimed any benefit under sectio n 10AA, benefit of accelerated
depreciation, benefit of additional depreciation, i nvestment allowance, expenditure on
scientific research and any deduction in respect of certain income under Part-C of
Chapter-VI-A other than the provisions of section 80 JJAA; and
the option is furnished in the prescribed manner bef ore the due date of furnishing of
P a g e | 2
13. Tax incentives for New startups is defined as below:
a deduction of 100% of the profits and gains derive d by an eligible start-up from a
business involving innovation development, deployme nt or commercialization of new
products, processes or services driven by technolog y or intellectual property.
The benefit is available to all startups which is se tup by 01-04-2019.
Section 54EE is introduced to provide exemption fro m capital gains tax if the
Long term capital gains proceeds are invested by an assessee in units of such specified
funds, as may be notified by the Central Government in this behalf and such amount
remains invested for 3 years. The Investment in the units of the fund shall be allowed
maximum up to Rs. 50 Lakhs.
In order to encourage indigenous research & developm ent activities and to make India a global
R & D hub, the government has decided that where inc ome of the eligible assessee, who is the
true and first inventor of the invention and whose name is entered on the patent register as the
patentee in accordance with Patents Act, 1970, incl udes royalty in respect of such patent, the
same shall be taxable at 10% (excluding SC, EC & SHEC) under section 115BBF.
With a large objective of ‘Housing for All’, the go vernment has come up with amendment to
provide 100% deduction of the profits of an assessee developi ng and building affordable
housing projects if the housing project is approved by the competent authority before the 31-
03-2019 subject to certain conditions which are as f ollows:
The project is completed within a period of 3 years from the date of approval,
The project is on a plot of land measuring not less than 1000 sq.metres where the project
is within 25 km from the municipal limits of four m etros namely Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai
& Kolkata and in any other area, it is measuring not less than 2000 sq. metres where the
size of the residential unit in the said areas is no t more than thirty sq. metres and sixty
sq. metres, respectively,
where residential unit is allotted to an individual, no such unit shall be allotted to him or
any member of his family, etc
In furtherance to the goal of the Government of pro viding 'housing for all', the government has
also incentivized first-home buyers availing home l oans, by providing additional deduction in
respect of interest on loan taken for residential h ouse property from any financial institution up
to Rs. 50,000 if the value of the house is less than Rs. 50 Lakhs and loan amount not
exceeding Rs. 35 Lakhs has been sanctioned by the bank during 01-04-2016 to 31-03-2017. The
benefit shall last till repayment of loan. This ded uction will be over and above the limit of Rs.
2,00,000 as mentioned in Section 24(b).
In order to increase the employment opportunities, the government has come up with expansion
of section 80JJAA to provide that the deduction unde r the said provisions shall be available in
respect of cost incurred on any employee whose tota l emolument does not exceed Rs. 25,000 per
month. No deduction, however, shall be allowed in r espect of cost incurred on those employees,
for whom the entire contribution under Employees' Pen sion Scheme notified in accordance with
Employees' Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisio ns Act, 1952, is paid by the Government.
In order to provide relief to the individual tax pa yers, section 80GG (deduction for rent paid) has
been amended so as to increase the maximum limit of deduction from existing Rs. 2,000 per
month to Rs. 5,000 per month.
There is an amendment that any shares received by an individual or HUF as a consequence of
demerger or amalgamation of a company shall not attract the provisions of clause (vii) of
sub-section (2) of section 56 .
In view of the fact that housing projects often take longer time for completion, therefore section
24(b) has been amended to provide that deduction on account of interest paid on housing loan
shall be available if the acquisition or construction is completed within 5 years (as against
current 3 years) from the end of the financial year in which loan w as borrowed.
P a g e | 3
21. In order to reduce compliance burden, section 206AA has been amended so as to provide
that the provisions of this section shall not apply to a non-resident, not being a company, or to
a foreign company, in respect of any other payment, other than interest on bonds, subject to
such conditions as may be prescribed. The government has not yet provided an condition to
avail such benefit.
Now, the Non-compete fees and exclusivity rights shall also be taxed under “profits and gains
from business and profession”.
Amendment in TDS chapter are discussed below:
Change in threshold
Change in rates
Section 50C has been amended to provide that if the sale agreement is entered much before the
actual date of transfer of the immovable property in which actual sale consideration is
mentioned, then the stamp duty value as on the date of sale agreement shall be deemed to be
full value of consideration.
In finance bill 2016, it was proposed that the cont ributions made on or after 01-04-2016 by an
employee participating in recognized provident fund (RPF) or superannuation fund (SAF) up to
40% of accumulated balance on withdrawal shall be e xempt. That means balance 60% shall be
taxable on withdrawal except if the amount is annuitize d. If annuitized, the regular
P a g e | 4
pension received will be taxed and the tax liability w ill be deferred to next years. However,
the government has rolled back such proposal in Fin ance Act 2016 passed in Lok sabha.
Any payment by NPS trust to an employee on account of closure of pension scheme, to the extent
of 40% of accumulated balance, shall be exempt from tax. However, the whole amount received
by nominee, on death of the assessee shall be exemp t from tax.
If a person having income which is exempt u/s 10(38 ) and income of such person without giving
effect to the said clause of section 10 exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to
tax, shall also be liable to file income tax return before the due date .
Time limit for filing belated return has also been reduced. In this regard, it has been provided
that, any person who has not furnished a return with in the time allowed to him under sub-
section (1), may furnish the return for any previous year at any time be fore the end of the
relevant assessment year or before the completion of the assessment, whichever is earlier.
Belated return can also be revised within such time as mentioned in section 139(5) of the Act.
30. Section 139(9) has also been amended so as to provide t hat a return shall not be regarded
as defective merely because self-assessment tax and interest payable in accordance with the
provisions of section 140A has not been paid on or before the due date of filing of return,
31. A return shall be processed u/s 143(1) prior to comp letion of assessment u/s 143(3),
However, the finance bill as passed by the Lok Sabh a provides that the processing of return is not
necessary before the expiry of one year from the en d of the financial year in which return is
furnished, where a notice is issued for scrutiny ass essment under Section 143(2).
Currently, the time limit for completion of assessme nt is two years from the end of assessment
year in which the income was first assessable. Sinc e the government is desirable that proceedings
under the Act are finalized more expeditiously as dig itization of processes within the Department
will enhance its efficiency in handling workload . In order to simplify the provisions, the time
limit has been rationalized to complete the assessment s. It has been reduced by 3 months
in each case . Eg. for completion of assessment under section 143 or section 144 be changed from
existing 24 months(2 years) to 21 months from the e nd of the assessment year in which the
income was first assessable,
Section 244A has also been amended so as to provide that in cases where the return is filed after
the due date, the period for grant of interest on refund may begin from the date of filing of
return . An additional interest on such refund amount, which arises out of appeal bei ng delayed
beyond the prescribed time, shall be calculated at the rate of 3% p.a., for the period beginning
from the date following the date of expiry of the t ime allowed under sub-section (5) of section
153 to the date on which the refund is granted.
Section 271 shall not apply to and in relation to a ny assessment for the assessment year
commencing on or after the 01-04-2017. Penalty shall be levied under the newly inserted
section 270A w.e.f. 01-04-2017 . The new section 270A provides for levy of penalty in cases of
under reporting and misreporting of income.
It is also provided that an assessee may make an ap plication to the Assessing Officer for grant of
immunity from imposition of penalty under section 270A a nd initiation of proceedings
under section 276C (prosecution) , provided he pays the tax and interest payable as per the
order of assessment or reassessment within the peri od specified in such notice of demand and
does not prefer an appeal against such assessment or der. The assessee can make such application
within one month from the end of the month in which the order of assessment or reassessment is
received in the form and manner, as may be prescrib ed.
The application of POEM has been deferred for one y ear more.
GAAR will apply from 01 April 2017.
Disallowance under section 14A will be limited to 1 % of the average monthly value of the
investments yielding exempt income, but not exceedin g the actual expenditure under rule 8D.
P a g e | 5
Amendment in Service Tax& Excise
The facility for revision of return viz. available to service tax assessees only, has been extended
to manufacturers also.
Enabling provision is being made to levy Krishi Kalyan Cess (KKC) on all taxable services w.e.f.
01-06-2016, to finance and promote initiatives to i mprove agriculture @ 0.50%. The notification
is still awaited.
The exemption on following services has been withdraw n-
Services by senior advocate(an advocate designated as Senior advocate by High Court of
any state or Supreme court of India) to an advocate or firm of advocates providing legal
services shall not be taxable @ 14%,
Service of construction, erection, commissioning or installation of original works
pertaining to monorail or metro, in respect of cont racts entered into on or after 01-03-
2016 shall be taxable @ 5.60%,
Services of transport of passengers, with or withou t accompanied belongings, by
ropeway, cable car or aerial tramway shall be taxab le @ 14%,
Service Tax is being levied on transportation of pa ssengers by air conditioned stage
carriage with effect from 01-06-2016, at the same l evel of abatement as applicable to the
transportation of passengers by a contract carriage , that is, 60% without credit of inputs,
input services and capital goods.
The following are few services shall be new entry for exemption:
The services of general insurance business provided un der ‘Niramaya’ Health Insurance
scheme launched by National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral
Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability in collaboration with private/public
insurance companies are being exempted from Service Tax with effect from1
Services by way of construction etc. in respect of-
housing projects under Housing For All (HFA) (Urban) M ission/Pradhan Mantri
Awas Yojana (PMAY);
low cost houses upto a carpet area of 60square metres in a housing project under“
Affordable housing in Partnership” component of PMAY ,
low cost houses upto a carpet area of 60squaremetres in a housing project under
any housing scheme of the State Government,
Services of construction provided to the government , a local authority in respect of construction
of govt. schools, hospitals, etc. or construction o f ports or airports,
The benefit of quarterly payment of Service Tax is being extended to ‘One Person Company’
(OPC) and HUF with effect from 01-04-2016.
Services provided by mutual fund agents to asset management comp any are being made
taxable under forward charge with effect from 01-04-2016,
Interest rates on delayed payment of duty/tax across all indirect taxes are being rat ionalized
and made uniform at 15% except where service tax collected but not deposite d by exchequer
interest rate will be 24% from the date service tax payment became due. Where value of taxable
services in the preceding year/years covered by the notice is less than Rs. 60 Lakh, the rate of
interest shall be 12%.
The rate of abatement in respect of services by way of construction of residential complex,
building, civil structure, or part thereof, shall be 70% as against current(70%/75%)
therefore new rate of tax shall be 4.20%,
The new rate of service tax in case of GTA services used for shifting of household goods shall be
5.60%. The existing rate of tax of 4.20% on transpo rt of other goods by GTA continues
P a g e | 6
11. Service tax on the services of Information Technolog y Software on media bearing RSP is
being exempted from Service Tax with effect from 01-03-2016 provid ed Central Excise duty is
paid on RSP,
Section 73 of the Finance Act, 1994 is being amende d so as to increase the limitation period
from 18 months to 30 months for short levy/non levy/short payment/non-
payment/erroneous refund of Service Tax.
The power to arrest in Service Tax is being restricted only to situations where the t ax payer
has collected the tax but not deposited it to the ex chequer, and that too above a threshold of Rs
2 crores . The monetary limit for launching prosecution is be ing increased from Rs.1 crore to
Rs.2crores of Service tax evasion.
The finance act 2016 has also introduces annual ret urns for service tax and Cenvat credit which
will be submitted to the department by 30
th November of the following year.
Rate of interest on late deposit of service tax has been rationalized in the following manner:
S.No Particulars Rate of interest(p.a.)
1 Collected any amount as service tax but failing to p ay
the amount so collected to the government on or befo re
the due date
2 Other than above situation (In case of Reverse char ges)
The rate of interest shall be reduced by 3% if the gross receipts are less than Rs. 60 Lakhs.