Sec. 274 and Sec. 283

Managing Corporate Finance

FIRST OF ALL – a brief intro to both the sections :-


Sec. 274(1)(a) to (f) – applicable to EVERY kind of company and EVERY kind of director [Sec. 274(1)(g) is not covered since its applicable only to Public Co.]


Sec. 283 – Not Applicable to Sec. 408 Director and All India Financial Institution Nominee Director.


Sec. 274 arises before appointment whereas Sec. 283 arises after appointment of Director.





Does it mean that


if Central Govt. wants to appoint individual as a director of company u/s. 408 or Fin Institution wants to appoint their nominee as a director of company AND such individual / nominee attracts Sec. 274 provisions HE WILL NOT BE APPOINTED AT ALL?



But if after valid appointment (assume that in this case such individual / nominee doesn’t attract Sec. 274) if he attracts Sec. 283 provisions, HE WILL NOT VACATE THE OFFICE OF DIRECTOR?

Company Secretary


The Department of Company Affairs vide its General Circular No. 2/5/2001-CL.V, clarifies that the provisions of section 274 of the Companies Act, 1956 were amended through Companies (Amendment) Act, 2000, w.e.f. 13-12-2000 and a new clause (g) was inserted to sub-section(1) of this section. Through this clause a director of the public company, which has made default in filing of annual accounts and annual returns and in repaying deposits/interest thereon on due date or redeeming its debentures on due date or in paying dividend for period specified in that section, is disqualified to be appointed as a director of other public companies for a period of 5 years from the date such public company so defaulted.

The intention and purpose of the above amendment was to disqualify the errant directors not only in the defaulting companies but becoming directors in other companies too, protect the investors from mismanagement, ensure compliance in filing of annual accounts and annual returns which are means of disclosure to all stakeholders, increase the compliance rate of filling of the statutory documents and infuse good corporate governance in the regulation of corporate affairs in the country.

·                     APPLICABILITY


The disqualification stated in clause (g) is confined to directors of Public company only.

The word used in section 274(1)(g)  is appointment. Wherever the Legislature has intended that the word appointment should include re-appointment. A proviso to Rule 3(b) provides that both the disqualifications would apply to appointment and re-appointment of a director.

·                     EXEMPTION

Even though powers have not been delegated to the Government to accord the exemptions, Government companies are exempt from the applicability of section 274(1)(g). The Private Companies are also exempt from the applicability of the Disqualification of Directors Rules, 2003.

Nominee directors appointed on the Board of assisted concern or other public companies by (a) public financial institution within the meaning of section 4A of the Companies Act, 1956; (b) Central or State Government; and (c) banking companies are also exempt from the provisions of section 274(1)(g) of the Companies Act, 1956.

It may be noted that nominee directors appointed by the public financial institutions and banks constituted under Central enactment and director appointed by BIFR under section 16(4) of the Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985 or by Central Government will not attract this disqualification.

Rule 8A has been inserted by Notification No GSR 133(E) dated 3-3-2006, which provides that an application can be made to the Central Government in e-Form-DD-C for seeking exemption from disqualification of a director.

This disqualification will not apply to small shareholders’ director because Rule 5 of the Companies (Appointment of Small Shareholders’ Directors) Rules, 2001 has not included this in the list of disqualification applicable to such director.

Managing Corporate Finance

Hi Ajay,


Thnx for your reply. I have read these provisions in my C.Law book. But I am unable to find my answer in your reply.


section 408 overrides the entire act

financial institution formed by a specific act and having specific provision under there relevant act to appoint a nominee, overrides the provision of companies act

both of them can be removed by the appointing authority only

Company Secretary

Dear Mr. Yogesh


Following is the directors who do not  automatically vacate their offices:


1.     Directors appointed by financial institutions which are governed by special statutes containing provisions overriding the Companies Act.

2.     Government directors appointed u/s 408.

3.     Special directors appointed under Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1956.


I think, your query has been resolved on the basis of above.



Managing Corporate Finance

Hi dude,

I know that above directors are not covered u/s. 283.


My query is -

I just wanna know whether statement I am giving below is right or wrong -

if abovementioned directors (before their appointment) attracts Sec. 274 (1) (a) to (f), they will be disqualified.

Since Sec. 274 (1) (a) to (f) applies to every kind of Company and every kind of Director.



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