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practical question with concept on how to solve for exam #pdf
sumit

on 25 February 2016

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+918600364185 1. A Ltd. Has following details of leave of its employee Name Total Leave Total Leave Availed Vested Leave Unvested Leave Probability X 80 50 20 5 .90 Y 70 45 15 10 .70 Z 60 50 - 9 .60 M 90 70 20 - .5 N 85 65 10 10 1 P 65 45 9 1 .20 Salary per working day is Rs.1000 Journalize entries for Short term compensated Absence Answers 1. Multiply sum of all vested leaves by salary per day = 74*1000 = 74000 2. Multiply all unvested leave by there probability and multiply there sum by salary per day = 28 * 10000 = 28900 Vested Leave Unvested Leave * Probability 20 5 * .90 = 4.5 15 10 * .70 = 7 - 9 * .60 = 5.4 20 - * .5 = 0 10 10 * 1 = 10 9 1 * .20 = 2 TOTAL = 74 TOTAL = 28.9 A Ltd. Has to pay retirement benefit of 25% of last drawn salary for each completed year. No. of years remaining till retirement are 6. Current salary is 5000, expected to grow at 10%p.a. Discount rate is 12%. Answer 1. Determine salary on retirement by compounding with growth rate of 10% CY 2 3 4 5 6 5000 5500 6050 6655 7320 8052 2. Determine retirement benefit payable Last drawn salary * no. of years of service * benefit percent 8052 * 6 * 25% = 12,078/- 3. Divide benefit by each year of service to make provision 12078/6 = 2,013/- 4. Make provision of above amount at the end of each year of service discounted by remaining years of service Particulars CY 2 3 4 5 6 Amount 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 Years of discounting 5 4 3 2 1 0 PVF (1/1.12)5 (1/1.12)4 (1/1.12)3 (1/1.12)2 (1/1.12)1 (1/1.12)0 0.5674 0.6355 0.7118 0.7972 0.8928 1 Provision required (Amount * PVF) 1142 1279 1433 1605 1797 2013 +918600364185 5. Calculate interest on above mentioned provision account on opening balance @ discount rate Op. bal. 0 1142 2558 4299 6420 8985 Provision 1142 1279 1433 1605 1797 2013 Interest on opening bal 0 137 308 516 768 1080 Closing bal. 1142 2558 4299 6420 8985 12078 3. As on 1st April, 2011 the fair value of plan assets was Rs. 1,00,000 in respect of a pension plan of Zeleous Ltd. On 30th September, 2011 the plan paid out benefits of Rs. 19,000 and received inward contributions of Rs. 49,000. On 31st March, 2012 the fair value of plan assets was Rs. 1,50,000 and present value of the defined benefit obligation was Rs. 1,47,920. Actuarial losses on the obligations for the year 2011-12 were Rs. 600. On 1st April, 2011 the company made the following estimates, based on its market studies, understanding and prevailing prices. Interest & dividend income, after tax payable by the fund 9.25 Realized and unrealized gains on plan assets (after tax) 2.00 Fund administrative costs (1.00) Expected Rate of Return 10.25 You are required to find the expected and actual returns on plan assets. Answer Computation of Expected and Actual Returns on Plan Assets Answer Start with opening balance of fair value asset account 100000/- Add Contribution made to the fund during the year 49000/- Less Benefits paid by the fund during the year 19000/- Net of above 130000/- Closing balance of plan asset account 150000/- Difference must be actual return earned 20000/- Expected return = interest for full year on opening balance = 100000 * 10.25% = 10250/- Interest for half year on net of contribution made and benefits paid as both are done in the middle of the year as given in the question = 30000 * 10.25% * 6/12 = 1538/- TOTAL = 10250+1538 = 11788/- 4. Rock Star Ltd. discontinues a business segment. Under the agreement with employee’s union, the employees of the discontinued segment will earn no further benefit. This is a curtailment without settlement, because employees will continue to receive benefits for services rendered before discontinuance of the business segment. Curtailment reduces the gross obligation for various reasons including change in actuarial assumptions made before curtailment. In this, if the benefits are determined based on the last pay drawn by employees, the gross obligation reduces after the curtailment because the last pay earlier assumed is no longer valid. Rock Star Ltd. estimates the share of unamortized service cost that relates to the part of the obligation at Rs. 18 (10% of Rs. 180). Calculate the gain from curtailment and liability after curtailment to be recognized in the balance sheet of Rock Star Ltd. on the basis of given information: (a) Immediately before the curtailment, gross obligation is estimated at Rs. 6,000 based on current actuarial assumption. (b) The fair value of plan assets on the date is estimated at Rs. 5,100. (c) The unamortized past service cost is Rs. 180. (d) Curtailment reduces the obligation by Rs. 600, which is 10% of the gross obligation. +918600364185 Answer Start with defined benefit obligation 6000 Deduct unamotised past service cost (180) Net Liability 5820 Deduct curtailment benefit as follows (Curtailment benefit * Net Liability) = 600 * 5820 Defined benefit Obligation 6000 (582) Obligation payable 5238 Less: Plan Assets available (5100) Net Liability payable 138




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