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CA Swapnil (job )     28 July 2009

pcc law tips


Some tips for law.........................

The expected weightage is as follows:-

1)Companies Act -   30 -35 marks

2)Contract act - 10 marks

3) Negotiable instruments Act - 10 marks

4) Gratuity ,Bonus ,PF Act - 5 marks each.

2) Divide your answer into  4 parts.( FACTS , PROVISIONS,ANALYSIS ,CONCLUSION)

3) Write your answers in point wise as it will fetch more marks & the presentation becomes more lucid.

4) It is not necessary to write down sections in your answers.Remember u r judged on the basis of what u have understood & interpreted...the principle underlying the section to be written properly & not the section number...there is always a chance of u forgetting the section & quoting the wrong section is intellectual HARA -KIRI.

5) Attempt ETHICS & COMMUNICATION  first.The weightage of each is 20 marks.While studying one can finish the bonus & gratuity acts first as they are small compared to others.

6)Remember the law paper is a case study based paper.Solve as many case studies as possible.Read a particular principle or a section and solve case studies based on it immediately.

7)Padhuka ,Munish Bhandari are good books which one can refer..the language in law is very important.the legal  jargon needs to present in the answers..

8)Solving PREVIOUS QUESTION PAPERS and practising case studies to sharpen skills will definitely help...the case studies given in ICAI Module are solved in padhuka.

9) Stress on all topics  is important as questions on all topics are asked.

MAY THE FORCE BE WITH YOU......................

 12 Replies


srilakshmi (ca final)     28 July 2009

thank u

Ankur Garg

Ankur Garg (Company Secretary and Compliance Officer)     28 July 2009

Keep it up...

 CA Alok Modak

CA Alok Modak (CA in Practice)     28 July 2009

here are a few tips..here is what i did

1) I followed the module for law ...(it is not that big seriously) u have to make ur own notes about the important points in the chapters...i had Mr. Jayramans notes...but i can tell u they were nothing but excerpts form module...(without any case studies).the questions given in the Suggested answers for company law are sufficient.

2) For company law use Sugested answers for PE 2....they are really sufficient....(3 question were repeated word to word in june 2009). read the case studies in files section well before 2 months before exams and write down main points covering the answer of case study 

3) For communication part regarding circulars..minutes of meetings...partnership deeds ...etc...practice writing a deed, a minutes..etc otwice a day for 2 months( one in morning ...one in evening) u donot need to do anything else for getting 10 marks in communication(2 * 5 marks) and most importantly do the above exercise from the module itself (in Mr. Jayaramans book Circulars was not coverd..Bad Luck for me... : (    )

4) For ethics Mr. Jayramans book was very good...but still it would be better if u made ur own notes...it takes around 6 days to complete communication + Ethics (6 hrs. a day) to complete writing notes

5) for case studies in law use the PE 2 Suggested answers ...as far as my view they will guide u really well..

6) Attempt Law first only if u know the points very well at the beginning of exams...

7) the main part ...donot leave anything for option ....Selective study is not the solution to passing Law....even though we get option of 2 questions for Law ...i would not advise to completely leave a chapter in law..since it forms a big chunk of the syllabus 

Best wishes


2 Like
 CA Alok Modak

CA Alok Modak (CA in Practice)     28 July 2009

 If possible give the important Decisions of court of law in specific cases...eg. Soloman vs Soloman & co.


Mrutyunjay (B.Com ( Hons ) PCC Articled Assistance)     28 July 2009

Hi ,

If u have that notes in PDF or Word format plz send me the same...... on mcharate12 @ gmail.com ......    


 CA Alok Modak

CA Alok Modak (CA in Practice)     29 July 2009

Dear Mrutyunjay, 

Just go to the share files section in caclubindia

u will find what u were looking for


solomon (CA FINAL)     29 July 2009

Hi Everyone,

I have written my June 2009 exams and waiting for the results. I was good with the caselaws of companies Act... But for the other laws( PF, NI, Bonus), I knew only the interpreataion part but not the case laws, as I made my preparation only at the last days... Keeping this in mind, how would you as an evaluator weigh my answers....

That is the only paper which is not satisfactory to my expectances.

Waiting for reply.

Thanks in advance



Ridhi (Student)     29 July 2009

hii......thanks for ur wonderful tips......really useful.....

bt i wanna wch buk shud i refer for Law??....

g.k.kapoor or Padhkas??.........quite confused.......plz. help..


Sangam (CA)     29 July 2009

Originally posted by :Ridhi
" hii......thanks for ur wonderful tips......really useful.....

bt i wanna wch buk shud i refer for Law??....

g.k.kapoor or Padhkas??.........quite confused.......plz. help..

buks r many and almost all hv same content only presentation differs... 

dont confuse urself. pick any one and forget abt d rest 

which u choose will b d best... 


Hemalalitha R

Hemalalitha R (IPCC Student)     30 July 2009

Thanks. It wll definitely help students like me just out of school

Ankur Garg

Ankur Garg (Company Secretary and Compliance Officer)     30 July 2009

More Law tips:



1.         In practical problems never start your answer with Yes or No unless you are 100% sure. First mention the relevant provision and show in your answer how you reach the conclusion. In the end conclude your answer in the following manner: “On the basis of above discussion we can conclude that as per the Section-166 Annual General Meeting can not be convened on a public holiday.”  (Consider this as an example).


On the contrary if you are 100% sure from the very beginning always start your answer with Yes or No. Like in the above problem it is very much sure that AGM can not be held on a public holiday.


2.                  Try and always mention the relevant section. Make it a habit. Do not ask anybody regarding the importance of remembering a section. If you make it a habit now it will 100% pay at the time of your final preparation.


3.                  In distinctive question never segregate 2 provisions with the help of a line.


For example: Distinguish between Fixed and Floating Charge

Mention the distinction in the following way:

(i)                 Fixed charge is created in the specific property on the other hand floating charge is created on the class of property.

(ii)               Fixed charge clutch the property whereas floating charge floats over the property.


Conclusion: You should use “on the other hand” OR “whereas” to club two different provisions.


4.         You may underline the relevant provision or any substantial provision.


5.         In theory paper never read practical problems first. First attempt flat questions. Like in Audit or Law first attempt short notes or distinctions etc.


Reason for not attempting the practical problems first is that in the beginning you have enough time to read it twice or thrice and waste your time.


6.         If you mention any case law highlight it properly. Write it in the following way:


Ram Singh


                       Union of India


7.         In distinction problems first write something (2-3 lines) about the topic. Example: Like in the distinction between Interim and Final Dividend write some about Interim and Final Dividend and mention in the end: “hence the points of distinction between Interim and Final Dividend are as follows”    


8.         In exam never use short forms like AGM, EGM, CG, CLB, ROC, ICSI, ICAI, SAP, AS.



9.         When you start your answer by using a section use like this:

            “As per Section-171 of the Companies Act, 1956”  


10.       Try and make an effort to complete your paper 100%. In other words attempt full paper of 100 marks. This is very important for fetching more marks.


11.       Try and avoid cutting of words. (See the example below)


Whenever a company fails to file the  annual accounts and annual returns, desc -ribed in sub-clause (A) of clause (g) of sub-section (1) of section 274, persons who are directors on the last due date for filing the annual accounts and the annual returns for any continuous three financial years commencing on and after the first day of April, 1999, shall be disqualified.


Observe the first line of the Para above and see the word described. Half the word is in first line and half is in second line. This is some thing very poor as far as professional exams are concerned. So avoid it.



Best Regards


1 Like

swati (Unemployed)     15 April 2010

how to be sure that your interpretation in answering module exercises which are given after every topic is correct or not. Is there any write up to verify the same ??? eg. if you are solving any answer of module relating to ratification of  agency, and u may interpret it is as cancellation of agency !!! how do you verify correctness of your answer ???

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