Hi Vandana, Sec.40(b) relates to Disallowance in Assessment of partnership firm. It stipulates limits regarding remuneration to partners and Interest on capital to be paid to partners. Amendment is that Limits specified in Sec.40(b) as amended by Finance act,2009 are applicable to professional and non-professional firms as well. Before the amendment,there used to be separate limits for both types of firms. Now the limits are In case of loss or On first Rs.3,00,000 of profit ---Rs.1,50,000 or 90% of book profit, whichever is higher. On balance of profit --- 60% of book profit. In excess of above limits, the remuneration is disallowed. Interest on capital in excess of 12% simple interest is disallowed.
Section 40 (b) dis allowance in the case of partnership firm i) Interest paid to the partner of the firm is not deductible unless the following conditions are satisfied
1) It should be authorised by and in accordance with the partnership deed 2) It should be relate to the period falling after the partner ship deed 3) It should not exceed 12% of p.a similar rate of interest. Dis allowance of interest is subject to the following condition
A) If a person is a partner in his representative capacity and receive interest in the firm and if he receive the interest in his individual capacity from the firm such interest should not be disallowed. B) If a person who is a partner in his individual capacity and receive interest for and on behalf of some one else from the firm in which he is a partner such interest should not be disallowed.
ii) Any amount paid by way of salary, bonus,commission or remuneration by a firm to a partner is not deductible in the computation of income of the firm unless the following condition are satisfied
1) It should be authorised by and in accordance with the partnership deed 2) It should be relate to the period falling after the partner ship deed 3) It should be within the prescribed limits. The prescribed limits are as follows 4) It should be paid to a working partner