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Npa classification for banks (Audit)

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( Author )
03 October 2012

The borrower company has been classified as NPA based on the NPA norms. There is another company which is a group concern based on the same management concern concept. As the first mention company is classified as NPA, the said group concern will also be classified as NPA.
Further, please give me reference of the relevant RBI Circular.


CA Lokesh Pokharna Jain

( Expert )
03 October 2012

NO NPA classification applicable only for a co.?(applies to all a/c even though its one a/c become NPA ) not applicable to all group companies.
wait for other replies


Bhavesh Mehta

( Author )
03 October 2012

CA. Lokesh: Do you have details of relevant RBI Circular. Please provide the same.


CA Lokesh Pokharna Jain

( Expert )
03 October 2012

i dont have rbi circular in this regard.. for better help approach any bank branch manager


Bhavesh Mehta

( Author )
03 October 2012

This will not help. Please provide the details of the RBI Circular


Bhavesh Mehta

( Author )
03 October 2012

Can some one help urgently


Bhavesh Mehta

( Author )
03 October 2012

Can some one help urgently


DIPESH SHAH

( Expert )
05 October 2012

as per RBI circular NPA should be treated as borrowerwise not facilitywise. There is no mention for a groupwise. the definition of group is in the circular of Exposure limit.
the relevent para of RBI circular RBI/2012-13/39 DBOD.No.BP.BC.9/21.04.048/2012-13 dated 02-07-2012 for commercial banks
"Master Circular - Prudential norms on Income Recognition, Asset Classification and Provisioning pertaining to Advances "

4.2.7 Asset Classification to be borrower­-wise and not facility­wise

i) It is difficult to envisage a situation when only one facility to a borrower/one investment in any of the securities issued by the borrower becomes a problem credit/investment and not others. Therefore, all the facilities granted by a bank to a borrower and investment in all the securities issued by the borrower will have to be treated as NPA/NPI and not the particular facility/investment or part thereof which has become irregular.

ii) If the debits arising out of devolvement of letters of credit or invoked guarantees are parked in a separate account, the balance outstanding in that account also should be treated as a part of the borrower’s principal operating account for the purpose of application of prudential norms on income recognition, asset classification and provisioning.

iii) The bills discounted under LC favouring a borrower may not be classified as a Non-performing advance (NPA), when any other facility granted to the borrower is classified as NPA. However, in case documents under LC are not accepted on presentation or the payment under the LC is not made on the due date by the LC issuing bank for any reason and the borrower does not immediately make good the amount disbursed as a result of discounting of concerned bills, the outstanding bills discounted will immediately be classified as NPA with effect from the date when the other facilities had been classified as NPA.

iv) The overdue receivables representing positive mark-to-market value of a derivative contract will be treated as a non-performing asset, if these remain unpaid for 90 days or more. In case the overdues arising from forward contracts and plain vanilla swaps and options become NPAs, all other funded facilities granted to the client shall also be classified as non-performing asset following the principle of borrower-wise classification as per the existing asset classification norms. Accordingly, any amount, representing positive mark-to-market value of the foreign exchange derivative contracts (other than forward contract and plain vanilla swaps and options) that were entered into during the period April 2007 to June 2008, which has already crystallised or might crystallise in future and is / becomes receivable from the client, should be parked in a separate account maintained in the name of the client / counterparty. This amount, even if overdue for a period of 90 days or more, will not make other funded facilities provided to the client, NPA on account of the principle of borrower-wise asset classification, though such receivable overdue for 90 days or more shall itself be classified as NPA, as per the extant IRAC norms. The classification of all other assets of such clients will, however, continue to be governed by the extant IRAC norms.

v) If the client concerned is also a borrower of the bank enjoying a Cash Credit or Overdraft facility from the bank, the receivables mentioned at item (iv) above may be debited to that account on due date and the impact of its non-payment would be reflected in the cash credit / overdraft facility account. The principle of borrower-wise asset classification would be applicable here also, as per extant norms.

vi) In cases where the contract provides for settlement of the current mark-to-market value of a derivative contract before its maturity, only the current credit exposure (not the potential future exposure) will be classified as a non-performing asset after an overdue period of 90 days.

vii) As the overdue receivables mentioned above would represent unrealised income already booked by the bank on accrual basis, after 90 days of overdue period, the amount already taken to 'Profit and Loss a/c' should be reversed.

4.2.8 Advances under consortium arrangements

Asset classification of accounts under consortium should be based on the record of recovery of the individual member banks and other aspects having a bearing on the recoverability of the advances. Where the remittances by the borrower under consortium lending arrangements are pooled with one bank and/or where the bank receiving remittances is not parting with the share of other member banks, the account will be treated as not serviced in the books of the other member banks and therefore, be treated as NPA. The banks participating in the consortium should, therefore, arrange to get their share of recovery transferred from the lead bank or get an express consent from the lead bank for the transfer of their share of recovery, to ensure proper asset classification in their respective books.


the circular can be viewed from :
http://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_ViewMasCirculardetails.aspx?id=7357





Jagga Rao Malipeddi

( Expert )
06 October 2012

Moreover, the company has separate legal entity. It can not be clubbed with other companies while applying NPA Norms. No doubt the Directors particulars would appear in CIBIL and when the Directors are common, banks do hesitate to finance the other companies having common Director of a NPA classified company.


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