GST Full Form: Meaning and Bifurcation of GST Rates in India

The full form of GST is Goods and Services Tax. which is a comprehensive indirect tax levied on the supply of goods and services in India.

Indirect tax

Indirect tax, indirectly imposed on individual’s income but on goods and services.

These are borne by the end customer, as they are included in the prices of goods and services.

gst full form

History of GST

In India, the journey for implementing GST began in 2014 when the Finance Minister, Mr. Arun Jaitley, introduced the Constitution Amendment Bill.

The bill was passed in May 2015, leading to the introduction of the dual tax structure system in 2017.

The Integrated GST Bill, Union Territory GST Bill, Central GST Bill, and GST (Compensation to States) Bill are passed by the Indian Parliament by April 20, 2017.

On July 1, 2017, GST was officially applicable in India.

Types of GST and Its Full Forms

GST full form

GST Full Form in Different Language

GST in Arabicضريبة السلع والخدمات
GST in Bengaliপণ্য ও পরিষেবা কর
GST in EnglishGoods and Services Tax
GST in Gujaratiસામાન અને સેવાઓ કર
GST in Hindiवस्तु एवं सेवा कर
GST in Kannadaಸರಕು ಮತ್ತು ಸೇ ವಾ ತೆರಿಗೆ
GST in Malayalamവസ്തുക്കളും സേവന നികുതിയും
GST in Marathiवस्तू आणि सेवा कर
GST in Nepaliसामान र सेवा कर
GST in Punjabiਗੁਡਸ ਐਂਡ ਸਰਵਿਸਿਜ਼ ਟੈਕਸ
GST in Sindhiسامان ۽ خدمتون ٽيڪس
GST in Tamilபொருட்கள் மற்றும் சேவைகள் வரி
GST in Teluguవస్తువులు మరియు సేవల పన్ను
GST in Urduسامان اور خدمات ٹیکس

Purpose of Introduction of GST in India

GST has replaced multiple indirect taxes like VAT, service tax, excise duty, and others with a single unified tax. The tax is levied at each stage of the production and distribution chain, with the benefit of input tax credit passed on to the final consumer. GST aims to eliminate tax cascading, reduce complexities, and create a more transparent and efficient taxation system.

GST rates in India

RateBreakup PercentageExample
0% GSTNilMilk, Egg, Salt.
3% GST1.5% SGST, 1.5% CGSTCoins, Gold, Silver, Platinum
5% GST2.5% SGST, 2.5% CGSTSugar, Tea, Spices.
12% GST6% SGST, 6% CGSTButter, Almonds, Fruit Juice.
18% GST9% SGST, 9% CGSTSoap, Hair oil. Toothpaste.
28% GST14% SGST, 14% CGSTcigarettes, AC and Fridge, Luxury items


Who are require to collects GST?

The GST collected by the Central and State Governments in India.

Why did GST Implemented in India?

GST implemented to replaced multiple indirect taxes levied by the Central and State Governments and for promoting the concept of “One Nation, One Tax.”

Who are require to register for GST?

A Person carrying on businesses with an annual turnover exceeding the threshold limit of ₹20 lakhs.

What are the returns can i file under GST?

GSTR-1 – For outward supplies of taxable goods and service.
GSTR-3B – Summary of outward & inward supplies.
GSTR-9- Annual return.
Additional returns like GSTR-4, GSTR-5, etc., for specific cases.

How can i file GST returns?

GST returns can be file online through the GST portal (

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