Q.NO.1. WHAT IS THE NEED OF INTRODUCTION OF SERVICE TAX?
Need for Taxation of Services: It is the prime responsibility of the Government to fulfill the increasing development needs of the country and its people, by way of public expenditure. The Government’s primary sources of revenue are direct and indirect taxes. Central Excise Duty on the goods manufactured and produced in India and Customs Duties on imported goods constitute the two major sources of indirect taxes in India. Due to WTO commitments and rationalization of commodity duties. Therefore the revenue receipts from customs and excise duties are low.
The largest component of GDP in the country comes from the service sector,
ØTo introduce value added tax in Indirect taxation as a whole
ØTo widen the taxation base.
ØTo merge tax on goods & services for eliminating multiple levels and for bringing about single levels called Goods & Service tax through out country
Q.NO.2.EVALUATION OF SERVICE TAX IN INDIA?
Service Tax in India: Based on these recommendations, Dr.Manmohan Singh, the then Union Finance Minister, in his Budget Speech for the year 1994-95 introduced the new concept of Service Tax and stated as under:
“There is no sound reason for exempting services from taxation, where goods are taxed and many countries treat goods and services alike for tax purposes. I, therefore, propose to make a modest effort in this direction by imposing a tax on services of TELEPHONE, NON-LIFE INSURANCE, AND STOCK BROKERS”.
ØTherefore, the service tax was levied under Chapter V of the Finance Act, 1994.
ØIt was introduced for the first time on 3 services with a nominal rate of 5% advalorem.
ØSubsequent Finance Acts have added more and services to be taxes for Service Tax purposes.
ØAs such, today more than 100 services are chargeable to Service Tax.
Q.NO.3. WHAT IS THE CONSTITUTIONAL BACK GROUND OF INDIA?
Constitutional Background: According to Article 265 of the constitution India, no tax of any nature can be levied or collected by Central or State Governments expect by the Authority of Law. According to Article 246, law can be enacted by Parliament or the State Legislature, if such power is given by the Constitution of India.
List – I – Union list – Parliament has the exclusive right to make in respect of that entry.
List – II – State list – Any state has exclusive power to makelaw for such state or any part thereof
with respect to such entry.
List – III – Concurrent list – The parliament or the legislature of a state has power to make loss with
respect to any matter enumerated in List III.
ØThere are various matters enumerated in each list. Each matter in the list is known as an entry.
ØEntry 97 of the Union list is the residuary entry and empowers the Central Government to levy tax on any matters not enumerated in List II (State List) or List III (Concurrent List).
ØIn 1994 the Service Tax was levied by the Central Government under the powers granted under the said Entry 97 of List I.
ØEntry 92C has been inserted to the 1st List in the VIIth Schedule (so as to make the enactment a subject matter of Union List.
ØAlthough the Government has amended the Constitution and inserted entry No.92C the List 1 of Schedule VII but no separate Act has been passed yet and service tax is still being governed by entry 97 i.e. residuary entry.
Q.NO.4.EXPLAIN AS TO HOW AND WHEN THE AMENDMENTS MADE IN FINANCE BILL, IN RESPECT OF SERVICE TAX MATTER COME INTO FORCE?
Amendments in the Finance Bill: Amendments made in the Finance Bill in respect of Service tax service tax matters become effective from the date when the relevant Finance Bill gets the assent of the President and it becomes and Act. Further, new services which are introduce shall become taxable when these services are notified or from the date mentioned in such Notification.
The law relating to service tax extends to whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir and it is applicable to taxable services provided on or after the commencement of Chapter V of the Finance Act. 1994.
Q.NO.5. EXPLAIN BRIEFLY THE APPROACHES OF LEVY OF SERVICE TAX?
Selective or comprehensive coverage of service tax: The levy of a service tax can be based on either of the following 2 approaches:
1.Comprehensive coverage/approach: The comprehensive approach contemplates taxation of all services and a negative list is given in case some services are to be exempted.
2.Selective coverage/approach: In the case of selective approach, only selective are subject to service tax. In this case, the legislator attempts to specify and list the services that would be taxable and the scope of coverage of each service. There is no residuary category for taxing all services.
Q.NO.6. BRIEFLY EXPLAIN THE NATURE OF SERVICE TAX?
Nature of Service Tax: Service tax is a tax on services. Service tax is not a tax on profession / trade but is a tax on the service provided in exercise of the profession/ trade. It is leviable only if there is provision of service.
What is ‘service’? ‘Service’ means a useful result/product of labour, which is intangible i.e. which cannot be seen through eyes. Thus, service is a value addition that can be felt only but cannot be seen.
The salient features of levy of service tax are: -
1.Scope:It is leviable on taxable services 'provided' or 'to be provided' by a service provider. The services 'to be provided' in future are taxed only if payment in its respect is received in advance.
Two separate persons required - Payment to employees not covered:For charge of service tax, it is necessary that the service provider and service recipient should be two separate persons acting on 'principal-to-principal basis'. Services provided by an employee to his employer are not covered service tax and, therefore, salaries or allowances paid to them cannot be charged to service tax.
- S. Maruthappan v. CCEx.  8 STR 228 (Tri -Chennai).
2.Rate : It is leviable @ 12% of the value of taxable services. Education Cess @ 2% and Secondary and Higher Education Cess @ 1 % are chargeable on the amount of service tax, thus, making the effective rate of service tax at 12.36% of the value of taxable service.
3.Taxable services :Service tax is leviable only on the taxable services. Taxable services mean the services taxable under section 65(105) of the Finance Act, 1994. The taxable services with their scope, inclusions/ exclusions and specific exemptions are discussed in the next chapter.
4.Value : For the levy of the service tax, the value shall be computed in accordance with section 67 read with Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules, 2006.
5.Free services not taxable:No service tax is leviable upon the services provided free of cost.
6.Payment of service tax :The person providing the service (i.e. the service provider) has to pay service tax in such manner and within such period as is prescribed in the Service Tax Rules, 1994. The service tax is to be paid only on the receipt of payment towards the value of taxable services.
7.Procedures: Provisions have been made for registration, assessment including self-assessment, rectifications, revisions, appeals and penalties on the service provider.
8.CENVAT credit :The credit of service tax and excise duty across goods and services is allowable in accordance with the CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004.
Accordingly, output service provider (i.e. provider of any taxable service) can avail credit not only of the service tax paid on any input service consumed for rendering any output service but also of the excise duty paid on any inputs and capital goods used for rendering output service. CENVAT credit so availed can be utilized for payment of service tax on taxable output service.
9.Services provided by an unincorporated association/body to its members also taxable [Explanation to Sec. 65] :'Taxable service' includes any taxable service provided or to be provided by any unincorporated association or body of persons to a member thereof, for cash, deferred payment or any other valuable consideration. Hence, the services (falling under any category of taxable service) provided or to be provided by any unincorporated association/body to member thereof shall be liable to service tax. This provision is an exception to the 'principle of mutuality'.
10.Performance of statutory activities/duties, not 'service':An activity performed by a sovereign /public authority under provisions of law does not constitute provision of taxable service to a person and, therefore, no service tax is leviable on such entities.
11.Import/Export of services:While import of services is chargeable to tax u/s 66A, the export of services has been made exempt from tax. Import/export provisions are discussed separately.
Q.NO.8. WHAT IS THE CHARGE OF SERVICE TAX AND EXPLAIN THE ALTERNATE RATE OF SERVICE TAX?
Charge of Service Tax: There shall be levied a tax (hereinafter referred to as the service tax) at the rate of 12% of the value of taxable services referred in various sub-clauses of section 65(105) and collected in such manner as may be prescribed.
Alternate rate of service tax in case of certain services: Although service tax is levied at the basic rate of 12% but in case of certain services, an alternative rate is also provided. Some of these are as under:
1.Specified immovable properties an optional composition tax rate of 4% of gross value has been provided.
2.In case of life insurance services alternate mode of discharge of service tax liability has been provided and the rate of service tax in this case is 1% of total premium.
3.In case of Air Travel Agents services, the Air Travel Agent, shall have the option to pay service tax of an amount calculated as under:
a.In case of domestic bookings – 0.6% of the basic fare.
b.In case of international bookings – 1.2% of the basic fare.
Taxable services have been defined to mean any service provided or to be provided to a person/client/customer, etc. by the service provider mentioned in various sub-clauses of section 65(105). The following can be considered as essential characterizes of services:
1.Existence of two parties – Service provider and Service recipient
2.Service as distinct to sale
3.Service provide should be a taxable services
4.Consideration for the service. There is no tax on free services.
a.Service tax is attracted on service provided or to be provided but the tax has to be paid only on the receipt of the consideration except in case of associated enterprise.
b.In case, some amount has been realized in advance, tax has to be paid in advance.
c.Education cess: Education cess @ 2% is to be charged on the service tax on all taxable services.
d.Secondary and Higher Education Cess (SHEC): SHEC @ 1% shall also be charged on the service tax on all taxable service.
Q.NO.9. EXPLAIN THE VALUATION OF TAXABLE SERVICE FOR CHARGING OF SERVICE TAX?
Valuation of taxable services for charging service tax: As per section 66, service tax is to be charged @ 12% of the value of taxable service provided or to be provided. Hence, we have to determine the value of such taxable services so as to pay service tax.
If the consideration consisting of
where the provision of service is for a consideration in money
Gross amount charged by the service provider for such service provided or to be provided by him.
where the provision of service is for a consideration not wholly or partly consisting of money
such amount in money, with the addition of service tax charged, as is equivalent to the consideration. In order words, it should be value of similar services provided to third party.
If similar service is not provided to third party, it should be market value as determined by the assessee but it cannot be lower than the cost of provision of same.
where the provision of service is for a consideration which is not ascertainable.
the amount as may be determined in the prescribed manner.
1.Consideration also includes any amount which is payable for the taxable services provided or to be provided.
2.Money includes any currency, cheque, promissory note, letter of credit, draft, pay order, travelers cheque, money order, postal remittance and other similar instruments but does not include currency that held for its numistatic value.
3.Gross amount charged include payment by cheque, credit card, deduction from account and any form of payment by issue of credit notes or debit notes and book adjustment.
4.The first basic principle is that service tax is payable on the gross amount and not on the net amount.
5.The second principle which also flows from section 67 is that the amount charged has to be in relation to services rendered.
6.Valuation where billing is inclusive of service tax: The assessee is to calculate service tax based on reverse working.
E.g.: If the billing is done inclusive of service tax (Consider billing 100 (inclusive) realization 100 (inclusive), the assessee can claim that the bill amount should be bifurcated into value and service tax components. Accordingly the service tax payable shall be (100 × 12.36/112.36) = Rs.11.00.
Q.NO.10. EXPLAIN BRIEFLY THE INCIDENCE FOR LEVY AND COLLECTION OF SERVICE TAX AND EFFECTIVE DATE OF TAXATION?
Taxability: The taxability otherwise of a service with reference to the effective date for levy is as under –
1.Service will not be taxable even if the bills are raised or payment received after the effective date.
2.Service will be taxable even if the advance was received before the effective date of levy.
3.Effective date = Date on which a service is made taxable for the first time (OR) date from which a service is included in the taxable service.
Q.NO.11. WHAT ARE THE EXCLUSIONS IN THE VALUATION OF TAXABLE SERVICES?
Sale value of goods to be excluded: There should be documentary proof specifically indicating the value of said goods and materials. In certain cases, supply of goods is integral to the rendering of services.
The sale consideration for such supply of goods cannot be dissected from the service element and the same shall be exposed to liability for service tax. Similarly, it has been clarified that in case of commercial training and coaching institutes, deduction will be not be available for any study material or written text provided by the institute.
Reimbursement of expenses to be excluded in certain cases: The reimbursement claim can be permitted only in cases where the service provider acts as a “pure agent” of the client when he procures the goods or services or incurs the expenses on behalf of the client.
Q.NO.12. WHO IS A PURE AGENT?
Pure agent is a person who has an agreement with service receiver to act as his pure agent to incur expenditure for providing service receiver to act as his pure agent to incur expenditure for providing service. The salient features of a pure agent are:
1.He has no title over the goods/services of the principal.
2.He cannot use them for his purpose.
3.He gets from the service receiver only the actual cost of such purchases.
Eg: Contractor procures cement, steel etc. on behalf of the flat promoter, passes on the actual cost to the recipient, possesses no title over the materials and leaves the balance materials at thee site. In such cases, Assessable Value shall be exclusive of cost of materials.
Q.NO.13. EXPLAIN TAXATION OF FREE SERVICES?
No service tax on free services: No service tax is leviable if free the services are provided by the service provider. However, if the authorized dealer of motor vehicle provides to customers free servicing of motor vehicles without charging any amount of service charge fro the customers and vehicle manufacturer reimburses the amount to authorized service station on account of such free services, the authorized service station shall have to pay service tax on the amount received from the vehicle manufacturer for the purpose of servicing the vehicle.
Q.NO.15. WHAT IS A PROCEDURE FOR REGISTRATION FOR SERVICE TAX?
Registration: Persons who are liable to pay Service Tax are required to register with Central Excise Department.
2.Specified Persons [Rule 2(1) (d)]: In the following cases, the specified person (and not the service provider) is liable to pay Service Tax.
Category of Service
a)General Insurance Business.
Insurer of Re-insurer
b)Insurance Auxiliary Service provided by an Insurance Agent.
c)Service provided by a Goods Transport Agency for transport of goods by road.
vPerson Liable: Specified Consignor/ Consignee who pays or is liable to pay freight should pay the Service Tax.
vSpecified consignor or consignee includes – (i) Factory; (ii) Company; (iii) Corporation, (iv) Society; (v) Co-operative Society; (vi) Registered Dealer of Excisable goods; (vii) Body Corporate; (viii) Partnership Firm
d)Business Auxiliary Services provided by Mutual Fund Distributors in relation to distribution of Mutual Fund.
Service Tax should be paid by the Mutual Fund or the Asset Management Company receiving such service.
e)Sponsorship Service provided to any Body Corporation or Firm.
Service Tax is to be paid by the Body Corporate or Firm, which receives the sponsorship service.
f)Any Taxable Service provided by any person from a country other than India u/s 66A.
Person receiving such service [in accordance with Taxation of Services (Provided from Outside India and Received in India)
3.Persons notified by the Central Government – Special Category Persons:
a)Input Service Distributor:
(i)Office: Input Service distributor refers to an office of the –
vProducer of final products or
vProvider of output service
(ii)Invoice: Which receives tax paid invoices (under Rule 4A of Service Tax Rules, 1994) towards purchases of input services and issues invoice, bill or challan.
(iii)Purpose: For distributing the credit of service tax paid on the said services to such manufacturer or producer or provider.
b)Aggregate Value of Taxable Services exceeds Rs.9 Lakhs
Every person liable to pay service tax shall apply for registration in Form ST-1 within 30 days from levy of tax. Normally, applicant will be the service provider. However, in exceptional cases the service receiver with tax liability shall also register himself.
Registration certificate (RC) is issued in Form ST-2 within seven days. For all the services provided by a person a single RC will do.
A separate RC is required for every place of business. However, the service provider may opt for a single RC if he follows centralized billing or centralized accounting and wishes to remit the tax centrally.
Q.NO.16. WHAT ARE THE DOCUMENTS TO BE ENCLOSED ON REGISTRATION?
Documents to be attached
An application for registration has to be accompanied along with the following documents:
1.Application in Form ST-1 in triplicate duly signed
2.Attested Copy of the PAN Card
3.Proof of Address of the premises which is required to be registered
4.Copy of the Document governing the constitution of the organization (Partnership deed in case of a partnership firm, Memorandum of Association in case of a company, Trust Deed in case of a trusts or associations)
5.Authority Letters in favor of the person who is to collect the registration certificate on the Letter head of the organization applying for registration.
6.Power of Attorney in case the documents are signed by an authorized representative
Q.NO.17. WHAT IS SERVICE TAX CODE NUMBER?
Service Tax Code: The department has decided to introduce Service Tax Code based on PAN. The Service Tax Code is a digit alphanumeric code. First 10 digits will be 10 character PAN issued by Income Tax authorities. Next two characters will be ‘ST’. Last three will be numeric code 001, 002, 003 etc. The concerned person should apply in prescribed form
1.Input service distributors
2.Small scale provider whose aggregate value of taxable services exceeds Rs.9 lakh in a financial year.
Q.NO.18. EXPLAIN THE CIRCUMSTANCE THAT CALL FOR MULTIPLE REGISTRATION.
1.Multiple Proprietorship Firms under different names: The applicant shall register individually for each of such proprietary Firm.
a.Commencement of services at the same time: The applicant in a single application may be made mentioning all the taxable services provided by him.
b.Commencement of services at different points of time: The applicant has already registered for one service but subsequently becomes liable for another category of service, he should get his certificate endorsed for the category of service.
3.Changes in existing certification of Registration:
a.Change in information provided in ST-1: Intimated in writing to the jurisdictional assistant commissioner within a period of 30 days of such change
b.Change of place: A new registration certificate should be applied for, and the previous registration certificate should be cancelled.
c.Transfer of business: Where the assessee transfers his business to another person, the transferee should obtain a fresh certificate of registration.
Q.NO.19. EXPLAIN THE PROCEDURE FOR SURRENDER OF REGISTRATION OF CERTIFICATE?
1.Surrender of Registration of certificate:
ØCessation of Services
ØChange of Place
ØTransfer of Business
b.Procedure for surrender of Certification of Registration:
ØAssessee should surrender the service tax registration certificate (ST-2)
ØSuperintendent of central excise will cancel the registration certificate after insuring that the assessee has paid all service tax dues to the Government under the provisions of the Act.
c. Non surrender of certificate:
ØThere is no statutory requirement for the assessee to make an application for surrender of certificate.
ØNon-surrender of certificate does not attract any penalty.
ØHowever, the Assessee should furnish half yearly returns even if no service is provided.
Q.NO.20. SUMMARIZE THE EXEMPTION AVAILABLE TO SERVICE TAX ASSESSEES?
Service Tax Exemptions:
1.General Exemption from Service Tax for certain assessee:
Services Provided by the following are exempt:
ØReserve Bank of India (RBI)
ØSmall service Provider (SSP) (upto a turnover of Rs.10 lakhs)
ØEntrepreneur in Technology Business Incubator (TBI)
ØEntrepreneur In Science and Technology Entrepreneurship park (STEP)
Service Provided to the following are exempt:
ØReserve bank of India(RBI)
ØDevelopers of Special Economic Zone (SEZ)
ØUnit in SEZ
ØUnited nations, International organizations, Foreign Diplomatic missions
2.SMALL SERVICE PROVIDER (SSP)
a)Exemption granted through notification No.7/2007 – ST dt. 01.03.07
b)Exemption is upto a turnover (money received) of Rs.10,00,000 in afinancial year.
c)Unit in SEZ
d)On crossing the exemption limit of Rs.10,00.000/- tax is payable at the usual rate andCENVAT credit can also be availed.
e)The service Provider shall opt for the exemption.
f)Options is irreversible till the end of that financial year.
g)Registration is necessary if the turnover (collection) exceeds Rs.9,00,000.
h)For eligibility to opt for being SSP this year, the criterion is the value of service provided last year.
Eg. If Mr.Aopts to claim ?SSP benefit during the Financial year 2008-09, he has to satisfy the criterion of Rs.8,00,000, during the Financial Year 2007 – 08.
i)Exemption is available in the current year, if in the previous year, the aggregate value of taxable services provided does not exceed Rs.10,00,000/-
For eligibility to avail exemption, the criterion is the value of service received in the current year
(exemption is upto Rs.10,00,000/-)
However the above exemption shall not apply to :-
i.taxable services provided by a person under a brand name or trade name, whether registered or not, of another person; or
ii.Such value of taxable services in respect of which service tax shall be paid by such person and in such manner as specified under section 68(2) of the said Finance Act read with Service Tax Rules, 1994 i.e. where service tax is payable by the service recipient instead of service provider.
Note for reference purposes:
“ Brand name” or “Trade name” whether registered or not, that is to say, a name or a mark, such as symbol, monogram, logo, label, signature, or invented word or indicate a connection in the course of trade between such specified services and some person using such name or mark with or without any indication of the identity of that person.
a)Exemption to business Auxiliary Service in respect of production of goods on behalf of client i.e. job work Production
b)Services can be ‘exported without payment of tax” CANVAT Credit is still available for ;exported services
c)Exemption for Services Provided to Units in SEZ
According for Services Provided to a developer of SEZ or unit of SEZ for consumption within the special economic zone shall be exempt subject to the following conditions.
ØTo develop, operate and maintain the Special Economic Zone.
ØTo Establish the unit in the Special Economic Zone
ØTo maintain proper account of receipt and utilization of the said taxable services.
d)exemption for the Value of Goods and materials Sold
Conditions for availing exemption –
ØThe cost of inputs should be included in value.
ØCenvat credit should not have been availed for the inputs.
Q.NO.21.EXPLAIN THE PROCEDURE FOR ISSUANCE OF BILL AND MAINTENANCE OF RECORDS?
Maintenance of Records – STR 5
a.No separate form has been prescribed.
b.Records may be computerized also.
c.They should be preserved for a period of five years.
d.They should be made available for inspection by departmental officers.
Procedure for issuance of bill:
a.Every person providing taxable service shall issue an invoice/bill/challan signed by such person or a person authorized by him in respect of such taxable service provided or to be provided.
b.Time limit for issue of invoice/bill/challan: The invoice/bill challan shall be issued not later than fourteen days from the date of completion of such taxable service or receipt of any payment towards the value of such taxable service, whichever is earlier.
Where any payment towards the value of taxable service is not received and such taxable service is provided continuously for successive periods of time and the value of the such taxable service is determined or payable periodically, then, an invoice/bill/challan shall be issued by a person providing such taxable service, not later than fourteen days from the last day of the said period.
Q.NO.22. EXPLAIN THE CIRCUMSTANCES FOR PAYMENT OF SERVICE TAX?
Payment of Service tax – Sec.68 and STR 6
a)Service Tax is payable only on actual receipt of consideration.
ØWhere the service provider receives only a part of the total service charges, Service tax shall be paid proportionately only on such part and not on the entire consideration.
ØThe balance service tax will have to be paid upon receipt of the balance consideration.
ØThis position will not alter even if the service provider follows mercantile system of accounting.
b)Tax is payable on advances received also.
Q.NO.23. WHAT ARE THE DUE DATES FOR PAYMENT OF SERVICE TAX?
1.Due dates for payment of Service tax.
Service tax had to be paid on a monthly / quarterly basis depending upon the status of the service provider.
Monthly/Quarterly due dates
Due date for the month of March and Quarter ending March
Individuals and Firms
5th of the month following the Quarter ended June, Sep, Dec.
5th of the following Month
6th of the following Month
2.Big assessees with a service tax liability of Rs.50 lakhs and above should pay tax electronically. For electronic payment, Service tax Reg.No. is mandatory.
3.If the last date for paying tax is a public holiday, tax may be paid on the next working day.
4.Tax is paid by debit to CENVAT account (if credit available) or through GAR – 7 challan.
5.The date of presentation of cheque to the designated bank shall be deemed to be the date of payment of service tax (But the cheque should not be dishonoured).
6.If tax has been paid to Government for service not provided, then the excess payment made to Government may be adjusted in future dues,provided, the excess is refunded to customer.
7.Service Tax collected by the Service provider/ Service receiver as the case may be, should be remitted within the due date to the credit of the Central Government.
8.Payment by cheque
The date of payment is the date on which the cheque is tendered to the designated bank provided the cheque is not dishonoured in the course of clearing.
9.Rounding off of tax:
The payment of service tax should be round of in multiple of Rupees. Where such amount includes 50 paise of more it should be increased to one rupee and if it is less than 50 paise it should be ignored.
Q.NO.24. BRIEFLY EXPLAIN THE PROCEDURE FOR ADJUSTMENT OF EXCESS SERVICE TAX PAID?
Adjustment of Excess Service Tax paid:
There is no provision for an automatic adjustment of such excess service tax except in a situation visualized under
Where an assessee has paid to the credit of central government service tax in respect of
1.Taxable service which not so provided by him either wholly or partially for any reason, and
2.Taxable service the assessee has refunded the value of taxable services including service tax. Thereon to the person from whom it was received
Then the assessee may adjust the excess tax so paid against the service tax liability for the subsequent period.
In case where an assessee has opted for centralized registration and has paid any service tax amount in excess of liability for a period due to non receipt of details of receipts from other premises or offices, the assessee may adjusted such excess amount against his service tax liability for the subsequent period.
Where the excess payment is due to any other reason the assessee has to applied for a refund U/s 11B of the central excess Act.
Q.NO.25. EXPLAIN THE CIRCUMSTANCES FOR SELF ADJUSTMENT OF EXCESS SERVICE TAX PAID?
Self Adjustment of Excess service tax paid
1.Reason not involving interpretation of law, taxability, classification, valuation or applicability of any exemption notification.
2.On account of delayed receipt of details of payments towards taxable services may be adjusted without monetary limit.
3.In case other than specified in clause (ii) above, the excess amount paid may be adjusted with a monetary limit of rupees fifty thousand for a relevant month or quarter, as the case may be
4.The details and reasons for such adjustment shall be intimated to the jurisdiction Superintendent of Central Excise within a period of fifteen days from the date of such adjustment.
Q.NO.26. WHO PAYS SERVICE TAX – SERVICE PROVIDER OR SERVICE RECEIVER?
1.Who pays Service Tax- Service Provider or Service Receiver? – Sec.68 and STR 2(1) (d)
Sec.68 imposes the responsibility on a person for paying service tax. As provided in this section, service tax is payable by the Service Provider.
Exceptions to this rule: In certain cases, as provided in STR 2(1)(d), the service tax shall be payable by the service receiver or the specified person and not by the service provider.
The following table summarizes such services and the person liable to pay service tax:
Nature of the Service
Person liable to pay tax
Insurance auxiliary services
Service provided to a person in India from outside India.
Person outside India
Person in India
Person in India
Goods transport agency for transport of goods by road. Note: If the service receiver is individual, HUF etc., tax is payable by the service provider (GTA)
Goods transport agency
a.Any registered factory
d.Any registered Society / corporative society
e.Any registered dealer of excisable goods
f.any registered firm or body corporate
The service receiver or his agent (i.e., consignor or consignee)
Business Auxiliary services – Mutual fund distribution
Mutual fund distributor or an agent
Mutual Fund company
Mutual Fund Company
Body Corporate or Firm
Body corporate or firm.
Q.NO.27. EXPLAIN THE PENALTY CONSEQUENCES FOR DELAYED PAYMENT AND NON PAYMENT OF SERVICE TAX?
1.Interest on delay in payment of Service tax – Section 75
a)Delay in payment of tax attracts interest @ 13% p.a.
b)The interest shall be payable for the period by which payment of tax is delayed.
c)The said period commences from the day following the due date and ends on the day of payment.
Eg: Mr. Mthamil, Chartered Accountant, liable to pay service tax amounting to Rs.50,000/- on 05.01.2009. But due to financial crunch, he has made the payment only on 31.3.2009. Whether he is liable to pay any interest on service tax, if so, what is amount of interest payable?
Ans: Mr. Muthamil is liable to pay interest on delay remittance of service tax – Sec.75.
Due Date for payment
Actual Date of Payment
Period for calculation of interest
06.01.2009 to 31.03.2009 (85 no.of days)
Amount of Interest
Rs.5,000 × 13% (85 days /365 days) = Rs.1,541
2.Penalties – Secs. 76, 77 & 78
Nature of Violation
Failure to pay Service tax [Sec.76
Not less than Rs.200 per day of default or 2% per month of tax whichever is higher. In no case penalty can exceed the amount of tax.
Suppression of Value
100% to 200% of duty sought to be charged.
Failure of registration
Rs.5,000 or Rs.200 per day whichever is higher from the first day after due date till the day of actual compliance.
Failure to furnish information called by officer on Central Excise Offier
Rs.5,000 or Rs. per day whichever is higher from the first day after due datetill the day of actual compliance.
Failure to appear before the Central Excise Officer when issued with a summon for appearance to give evidence or to produce document.
Rs.5,000 or Rs.200 per day whichever is higher from the first day after due date till the day of actual compliance.
Failure to maintain books of accounts.
Fails to pay through e-payment
Where no penalty is mentioned
Q.NO.28. EXPLAIN THE PROCEDURE FOR ASSESSMENT AND RETURNS?
Assessment and Returns – Sec.70 and STR 7
1.The service provider shall himself assess and pay the tax. This process is known as Self Assessment.
2.If he is not able to estimate the tax amount correctly, he may apply to the department for Provisional Assessment (PA). PA is a process through which the department arrives at the provisional tax liability on the services provided by the service provider without waiting for the complete assessment at the initial stage itself. However, the service provider has to provide an undertaking for bearing the final liability once the final assessment is completed.
3.Return are field half yearly in Form ST-3 (Form ST – 3A for PA). The half yearly due dates are:
a.25th October for the half year ending 30th September; and
b.25th April for the half year ending 31st March.
4.E-filing of returns is also permissible.
5.If the due date is a public holiday then the return should be filed on the next working day.
6.Revised returns may be filed within 90 days from the date of filing of original return – Notification No.4/2008 dated 01.03.08
7.For delay in filing returns, “late fee” is payable as follows:
Period of Delay
Upto 15 days
16 days to 30 days
More than 30 days
Rs.1,000 plus Rs.100 per day (from the 31st day) till the date of filing returns (Max Rs.2,000)
8.Nil return should also be filed within the prescribed time limit.
9.Filing of single return is sufficient in case of multiple services, Provided necessary details are submitted along with the return.
Q.NO.29. WHAT ARE THE DOCUMENTS TO BE ATTACHED ALONG WITH RETURN?
Documents to be attached along with return
The following documents that are to be attached along with ST-3
1.Copies of GAR-7 challans, for payments made.
2.Memorandum ST-3A, incase of provisional payment of tax.
3.In case of first return, details of accounts maintained in relation to service tax should be furnished to superintendent of Central Excise, at the time of filing first half yearly return i.e., ST-3, a list of all accounts maintained by him in relation to service tax including memorandum received from his branch office.
Q.NO.30. WHAT IS LIABILITY OF SERVICE PROVIDER IN CASE OF EXCESS COLLECTION OF TAX?
Excess collection of tax – Sec. 73A & 73B
1.The service provider shall not collect tax in excess of what he pays to the Government.
2.The case his collection is more than his payment, he shall promptly deposit the excess with Government or refund the amount collected excess to the customer.
3.Any delay in this regard attracts payment of interest @ 13% p.a.