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INTERVIEW QUESTION ABOUT JOURNAL ENTRIES.


CAN ANYONE HELP ME GIVING THE CORRECT ENTRIES OF FOLLOWING TRANSACTION.

 

1. IF PAYMENT IS MADE TWICE TO SUNDRY CREDITORS MISTAKENLY.

2. STOCK IS SOLD BUT GOODS IN TRANSIT.

 

ALSO COMMENT ON MY ANSWERS

 

1. WILL EXCESS PAYMENT TO SUNDRY CREDITORS BE SUNDRY DEBTORS. AND WHAT WILL BE THE ENTRY.

2. NO ENTRY

 
Reply   
 

In my opinon:

1. IF PAYMENT IS MADE TWICE TO SUNDRY CREDITORS MISTAKENLY:

   As the payment is made twice to  the sundry crs. a/c will show excess of the amt crd. so. to cancell the mistake, we sholud give rectification entry.As in practice when payment is made the entry will be:

Sundry crs. a/c      Dr.       xxx

   To Cash/Bank                           xxx

And here in this situation as the amt is paid twice the  rectification entry will be :

Suspense a/c         Dr.      xxx (the amt dat is in excess)

     To Sundry crs.                        xxx (the amt dat is in excess)

 

2. STOCK IS SOLD BUT GOODS IN TRANSIT.

 The normal entry in books of seller.

 

 


Total thanks : 2 times

 
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Hi Imraj,

Twice payment for Sundry Creditors

1.       No rectification entry needs to be passed since accounting is done for the transaction. Payment has been made twice and hence accounting for the same has been done.

 

2.       We need to decide on how the supplier balance needs to be presented in the financials.

 

a)      If there is any other payable to the Supplier which exceeds the amount of this excess payment (i.e. net supplier balance after considering this excess payment is credit), then the net balance can be shown as Sundry creditors in the balance sheet. This is on the assumption that the supplier agrees that this excess payment can be adjusted against other payables to him

 

b)      Otherwise, the net balance shall be shown under Loans and Advances. If the management estimates that this excess payment cannot be recovered then the amount shall be shown as Doubtful advances and adequate provision needs to be made for the same.

 

Goods sold in transit

1.       If goods are sold on Ex-works basis, the Substantial risks are transferred by the Seller at the factory gate itself. So Revenue on such sales can be recognized immediately on dispatch

2.       But in case terms entered with the buyer is that you will dispatch the goods at the Buyer’s location, then Substantial risks are transferred only on dispatch of goods at the buyer’s location and hence revenue on such sale can be recognized only on dispatch at the Buyer’s location.

3.       But in practice, Enterprises recognize revenue immediately on dispatch of FG from the factory.

a)      This practice cannot be justified on the fact that Insurance is taken on transportation and hence risks are hedged against, since insurer will be settle only the Cost of the goods sold and not at the sale price.

b)      But this practice of the industry is considered appropriate because:

-          Acknowledgement of receipt of goods can be obtained from the Customer on the delivery challan within next 2-3 days after the date of Profit & Loss A/c (say y.e. 31.03.2010)

-          Hence it can be shown as Sales in this Profit & Loss A/c


Total thanks : 2 times

 
Reply   
 

YA  THE ANSWER IS RIGHT ....

NICE JOB BY MR. RAJESH KUMAR 


Total thanks : 1 times

 
Reply   
 
MBA/M.Com. & GNIIT -F & A- Executive

Originally posted by : P. RAJESH KUMAR

Hi Imraj,

Twice payment for Sundry Creditors

1.       No rectification entry needs to be passed since accounting is done for the transaction. Payment has been made twice and hence accounting for the same has been done.

 

2.       We need to decide on how the supplier balance needs to be presented in the financials.

 

a)      If there is any other payable to the Supplier which exceeds the amount of this excess payment (i.e. net supplier balance after considering this excess payment is credit), then the net balance can be shown as Sundry creditors in the balance sheet. This is on the assumption that the supplier agrees that this excess payment can be adjusted against other payables to him

 

b)      Otherwise, the net balance shall be shown under Loans and Advances. If the management estimates that this excess payment cannot be recovered then the amount shall be shown as Doubtful advances and adequate provision needs to be made for the same.

 

Goods sold in transit

1.       If goods are sold on Ex-works basis, the Substantial risks are transferred by the Seller at the factory gate itself. So Revenue on such sales can be recognized immediately on dispatch

2.       But in case terms entered with the buyer is that you will dispatch the goods at the Buyer’s location, then Substantial risks are transferred only on dispatch of goods at the buyer’s location and hence revenue on such sale can be recognized only on dispatch at the Buyer’s location.

3.       But in practice, Enterprises recognize revenue immediately on dispatch of FG from the factory.

a)      This practice cannot be justified on the fact that Insurance is taken on transportation and hence risks are hedged against, since insurer will be settle only the Cost of the goods sold and not at the sale price.

b)      But this practice of the industry is considered appropriate because:

-          Acknowledgement of receipt of goods can be obtained from the Customer on the delivery challan within next 2-3 days after the date of Profit & Loss A/c (say y.e. 31.03.2010)

-          Hence it can be shown as Sales in this Profit & Loss A/c

 
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