AS 2 (REVISED): VALUATION OF INVENTORIES
1. This Statement should be applied in accounting for inventories other than:
(a) work in progress arising under construction contracts, including directly related service contracts (see Accounting Standard (AS) 7, Accounting for Construction1 Contracts);
(b) work in progress arising in the ordinary course of business of service providers;
(c) shares, debentures and other financial instruments held as stock-in-trade; and
(d) producers’ inventories of livestock, agricultural and forest products, and mineral oils, ores and gases to the extent that they are measured at net realisable value in accordance with well established practices in those industries.
3. The following terms are used in this Statement with the meanings specified:
Inventories are assets:
(a) held for sale in the ordinary course of business;
(b) in the process of production for such sale; or
(c) in the form of materials or supplies to be consumed in the production process or in the rendering of services.
Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.
5. Inventories should be valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value.
6. The cost of inventories should comprise all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.
14. The cost of inventories of items that are not ordinarily interchangeable and goods or services produced and segregated for specific projects should be assigned by specific identification of their individual costs.
16. The cost of inventories, other than those dealt with in paragraph 14, should be assigned by using the first-in, first-out (FIFO), or weighted average cost formula. The formula used should reflect the fairest possible approximation to the cost incurred in bringing the items of inventory to their present location and condition.
26. The financial statements should disclose:
(a) the accounting policies adopted in measuring inventories, including the cost formula used; and
(b) the total carrying amount of inventories and its classification appropriate to the enterprise.