Getting to know about "Sentences"
In the present day scenario, communication is emerging as one of the strongest tools in conveying messages, ideas, thoughts, expressions etc. Therefore, the role of Professionals viz. CA, CS or CWA is assuming a vital role in the way we communicate through various channels in an effective manner.
Here is a small attempt to recap what we have studied at our school level about English grammar.
When we communicate with each other, we express our thoughts and ideas through words, which make complete sense.
A SENTENCE is a group of words that makes complete sense. It contains a verb and subject.
Example: (i) This is a newly built school. (ii) I like to play football. (iii) My Uncle lives in Mumbai. (iv) I am new to Hyderabad.
Let’s try to know some of the striking features of a sentence:
* A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense.
* It starts with a capital letter.
* It ends with a full stop (.), if it states a fact.
* It ends with a question mark (?), if it asks a question or an exclamation mark (!), if it expresses a sudden feeling of surprise, joy or sorrow.
Kinds of Sentences
There are four kinds of sentences
1. Declarative/ Assertive
Ø Declarative/ Assertive: A sentence that declares or states something is a declarative sentence. Declarative are of two types:
ü Affirmative or positive sentences affirm a proposition.
Ex: (i) I like to play basketball. (ii) She goes to college. (iii) The bank reopens today.
ü Negative sentences negate a proposition.
Ex: (i) I do not like to play basketball. (ii)She cannot sing. (iii) He is not well.
Ø Imperative sentence: Sentences that express a command, request, advice, order or suggestion are called imperative sentences.
· To express a “COMMAND”
Ex: (i) Come here. (ii) Bring the book here.
· TO make a “REQUEST”
Ex: Please help me clean the cupboard.
· To give some “ADVICE”
Ex: Never lose your focus.
Ø Interrogative sentences: A sentence that asks a question is called an interrogative sentence.
Ex: What are you doing?
Ø Exclamatory sentence: Sentences that express strong feelings or emotions are called exclamatory sentences. They end with an exclamation mark.
Ex: (i) What a beautiful monument it is! (ii) How melodious she sings!
Parts of a sentence
A sentence has two parts – subject and predicate.
Ex: (i)My mother loves coffee (in this- ‘My mother’ is subject, ‘loves coffee’ is predicate)
(ii) The baby is sleeping (in this- ‘The baby is subject, ‘is sleeping is predicate)
(iii)The people in the room were enjoying the music (in this- ‘The people in the room’ is subject, ‘were enjoying the music’ is predicate)
Subject: A subject is that part of a sentence that names the person or thing about whom something is said.
The subjects in the above mentioned sentences are as follows:
Example (i) my mother (ii) the baby (iii) the people in the room
Predicate: A word predicate is a word or a group of words that tells us something about the subject.
The predicates in the sentences mentioned earlier are as follows
Ex: (i) loves coffee (ii) is sleeping (iii) were enjoying the music
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